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Title: Maintenance of human chondrogenic phenotype on a dendrimer-immobilized surface for an application of cell sheet engineering
Authors: Sopita Wongin
Saranatra Waikakul
Pojchong Chotiyarnwong
Wanwipa Siriwatwechakul
Masahiro Kino-oka
Mee Hae Kim
Kwanchanok Viravaidya-Pasuwat
Osaka University
Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
King Mongkut s University of Technology Thonburi
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 14-Mar-2018
Citation: BMC Biotechnology. Vol.18, No.1 (2018)
Abstract: © 2018 The Author(s). Background: Dedifferentiation of chondrocytes during cell expansion is one of the barriers in tissue construction for cartilage repair. To understand chondrocyte behavior and improve cell expansion in monolayer culture, this study investigated the effects of morphological changes and cellular aggregation on the maintenance of chondrogenic capacity by observing the expression patterns of chondrogenic (collagen type II and aggrecan) and dedifferentiation (collagen type I) markers. Primary human chondrocytes were cultured on either a polystyrene surface (PS) or a polyamidoamine dendrimer surface with a fifth-generation (G5) dendron structure to create a one-step process of cell expansion and the maintenance of chondrogenic activities prior to the construction of cell sheets. Results: During the first two passages (P0 - P2), the relative mRNA level of collagen type II decreased in all cultures, while that of collagen type I increased. Remarkably, the level of collagen type II was higher and aggrecan was retained in the chondrocytes, forming cell aggregates and showing some round-shaped cells with less production of stress fibers on the G5 surface compared to fibroblast-like chondrocytes with abundant stress fibers on the PS surface. The numbers of P2 chondrocytes on the G5 and PS surfaces were nearly the same and sufficient for construction of chondrocyte sheets using a temperature-responsive plate. Without a supporting material during cell sheet manipulation, chondrocyte sheets spontaneously detached and exhibited a honeycomb-like structure of stress fibers. Unlike the chondrocyte sheets constructed from cells on the PS surface, the chondrocyte sheets from cells on the G5 surface had higher chondrogenic activities, as evidenced by the high expression of chondrogenic markers and the low expression of dedifferentiation markers. Conclusions: The one-step process of cell expansion and maintenance of chondrogenic activity could be obtained using the G5 surface. Human chondrocyte sheets were successfully constructed with high chondrogenic activity. These findings may lead to an alternative cultivation technique for human chondrocytes that offers high clinical potential in autologous chondrocyte implantation.
ISSN: 14726750
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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