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|Title:||Ex Vivo Selection of Transduced Hematopoietic Stem Cells for Gene Therapy of β-Hemoglobinopathies|
Edouard de Dreuzy
Julian D. Down
Bluebird Bio, Inc.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University
Hôpital Universitaire Pitié Salpêtrière
CEA Fontenay aux Roses
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics|
|Citation:||Molecular Therapy. Vol.26, No.2 (2018), 480-495|
|Abstract:||© 2017 The Authors Although gene transfer to hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) has shown therapeutic efficacy in recent trials for several individuals with inherited disorders, transduction incompleteness of the HSC population remains a hurdle to yield a cure for all patients with reasonably low integrated vector numbers. In previous attempts at HSC selection, massive loss of transduced HSCs, contamination with non-transduced cells, or lack of applicability to large cell populations has rendered the procedures out of reach for human applications. Here, we fused codon-optimized puromycin N-acetyltransferase to herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase. When expressed from a ubiquitous promoter within a complex lentiviral vector comprising the βAT87Q-globin gene, viral titers and therapeutic gene expression were maintained at effective levels. Complete selection and preservation of transduced HSCs were achieved after brief exposure to puromycin in the presence of MDR1 blocking agents, suggesting the procedure's suitability for human clinical applications while affording the additional safety of conditional suicide. Recent clinical trials have demonstrated the benefits of hematopoietic gene therapy using lentiviral vectors. In this paper, Payen and colleagues describe a method to maximize the proportion of genetically modified human hematopoietic stem cells while limiting the mean vector copy number.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2018|
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