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|Title:||Nitric oxide promotes cancer cell dedifferentiation by disrupting an Oct4:caveolin-1 complex: A new regulatory mechanism for cancer stem cell formation|
West Virginia University
Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
Ph.D. Program in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Faculty of Science
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology|
|Citation:||Journal of Biological Chemistry. Vol.293, No.35 (2018), 13534-13552|
|Abstract:||© 2018 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are unique populations of cells that can self-renew and generate different cancer cell lineages. Although CSCs are believed to be a promising target for novel therapies, the specific mechanisms by which these putative therapeutics could intervene are less clear. Nitric oxide (NO) is a biological mediator frequently up-regulated in tumors and has been linked to cancer aggressiveness. Here, we search for targets of NO that could explain its activity. We find that it directly affects the stability and function of octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (Oct4), known to drive the stemness of lung cancer cells. We demonstrated that NO promotes the CSC-regulatory activity of Oct4 through a mechanism that involves complex formation between Oct4 and the scaffolding protein caveolin-1 (Cav-1). In the absence of NO, Oct4 forms a molecular complex with Cav-1, which promotes the ubiquitin-mediated proteasomal degradation of Oct4. NO promotes Akt-dependent phosphorylation of Cav-1 at tyrosine 14, disrupting the Cav-1:Oct4 complex. Site-directed mutagenesis and computational modeling studies revealed that the hydroxyl moiety at tyrosine 14 of Cav-1 is crucial for its interaction with Oct4. Both removal of the hydroxyl via mutation to phenylalanine and phosphorylation lead to an increase in binding free energy (G bind ) between Oct4 and Cav-1, destabilizing the complex. Together, these results unveiled a novel mechanism of CSC regulation through NO-mediated stabilization of Oct4, a key stem cell transcription factor, and point to new opportunities to design CSC-related therapeutics.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2018|
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