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Title: Sensitive detection of the IS6110 sequence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex based on PCR-magnetic bead ELISA
Authors: Soe Paing Kyaw
Jariya Hanthamrongwit
Kulachart Jangpatarapongsa
Prasong Khaenam
Chaniya Leepiyasakulchai
Mahidol University
1000 Bedded Hospital
Keywords: Chemical Engineering;Chemistry
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2018
Citation: RSC Advances. Vol.8, No.59 (2018), 33674-33680
Abstract: © The Royal Society of Chemistry. Tuberculosis (TB) is ranked as the top killer among infectious diseases worldwide. Early and accurate diagnosis of the disease is crucial to end the global TB epidemic. The current commercially available molecular tests are still unaffordable by most TB affected communities. Herein, we developed a novel rapid and sensitive diagnostic method to detect the IS6110 sequence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) complex using PCR-magnetic bead ELISA. PCR amplification ofa 123 bp repetitive sequence of the IS6110 gene was performed by using digoxigenin (DIG) and biotin-labelled primers. Streptavidin-conjugated magnetic beads were used to collect the dual-labelled amplicons and subsequently, colourimetric detection was done by using horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-conjugated anti-DIG antibody. This method is able to detect M. tuberculosis DNA down to 0.5 fg per reaction within 3 hours. The sensitivity of IS6110 PCR detection by magnetic bead ELISA is 100 times higher than that of conventional agarose gel electrophoresis. The assay specificity was determined using a panel of DNA extracted from 10 common bacteria causing lower respiratory tract infections. No cross-reactivity was detected from those bacteria by IS6110 PCR-magnetic bead ELISA. Thus, the novel highly sensitive and specific, reduced assay time and simplicity of this PCR-magnetic bead ELISA for the detection of the specific gene of M. tuberculosis complex makes it an attractive diagnostic tool for large-scale screening of tuberculosis in standard clinical laboratories.
ISSN: 20462069
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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