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Title: Selective amperometric flow-injection analysis of carbofuran using a molecularly-imprinted polymer and gold-coated-magnetite modified carbon nanotube-paste electrode
Authors: Maliwan Amatatongchai
Wongduan Sroysee
Purim Jarujamrus
Duangjai Nacapricha
Peter A. Lieberzeit
Ubon Rajathanee University
Universitat Wien
Mahidol University
Keywords: Chemistry
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2018
Citation: Talanta. Vol.179, (2018), 700-709
Abstract: © 2017 Elsevier B.V. Herein, we propose a new approach for selective determination of carbofuran (CBF) in vegetables, based on a simple flow-injection system using a molecularly-imprinted amperometric sensor. The sensor design is based on a carbon-paste electrode decorated with carbon nanotubes and gold-coated magnetite (CNTs-Fe3O4@Au/CPE) coated with a molecularly-imprinted polymer (MIP) for CBF sensing. The MIP was synthesized on the electrode surface by electropolymerization using a supramolecular complex, namely 4-ter-butylcalix [8] arene-CBF (4TB[8]A-CBF), as the template. We used o-phenylenediamine as the functional monomer. Our results demonstrate that incorporation of the MIP coating improves the electrochemical catalytic properties of the electrode, increases its surface area, and increases CBF selectivity by modulating the electrical signal through elution and re-adsorption of CBF. The imprinted sensor (MIP-CNTs-Fe3O4@Au/CPE) was used in a flow-injection analysis (FIA) system. Experimental conditions were investigated in amperometric mode, with the following optimized parameters: phosphate buffer solution (0.1 M, pH 8.0) as the carrier, flow rate 0.5 mL min−1, applied potential +0.50 V. When used in the FIA system, the designed imprinted sensor yields a linear dynamic range for CBF from 0.1 to 100 µM (r2 = 0.998) with a detection limit of 3.8 nM (3Sb), and a quantification limit of 12.7 nM (10Sb). The sensor exhibits acceptable precision (%RSD = 4.8%) and good selectivity toward CBF. We successfully applied the electrode to detect CBF in vegetable samples.
ISSN: 00399140
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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