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|Title:||Real time PCR detection of common CYP2D6 genetic variants and its application in a Karen population study 06 Biological Sciences 0604 Genetics|
Nicholas P.J. Day
Nicholas J. White
Arjen M. Dondorp
Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine
|Keywords:||Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine|
|Citation:||Malaria Journal. Vol.17, No.1 (2018)|
|Abstract:||© 2018 The Author(s). Background: Plasmodium vivax malaria is characterized by relapses arising from the hypnozoite stages in the liver. The only currently registered drug for radical treatment to prevent relapse is primaquine. Primaquine, a prodrug, requires metabolism through the liver cytochrome CYP2D6 isoenzyme to its active metabolite. Mutations in the CYP2D6 gene may thus affect primaquine efficacy. A SNPs genotyping technique was developed to characterize the CYP2D6 genetic variants and tested this in the patients with Plasmodium vivax infection collected in a Karen population on the Thailand-Myanmar border, where P. vivax malaria is endemic. Methods: Direct sequencing of PCR-reamplified products (DSP) was used to uncover exonic CYP2D6 sequence variations. Subsequently, an allele-specific oligonucleotide probe real-time SNPs genotyping (ASO) assay was developed for rapid detection of the four clinically relevant CYP2D6 variants occurring in this population. These two in-house developed assays were used to genotype CYP2D6 mutations in blood samples obtained from 70 Karen adults. Results: Results showed a high degree of concordance between the DSP and ASO methods. Six CYP2D6 point mutations were identified within the Karen population: C100T, C1039T, G1661C, G1846A, C2850T and G4180C, at frequencies of 0.43, 0.43, 0.76, 0.02, 0.32 and 0.76, respectively. The CYP2D6∗2,∗4,∗5,∗10 and∗36 allelic frequencies were 0.33, 0.02, 0.03, 0.40 and 0.01, respectively. Alleles conferring an intermediate CYP2D6 metabolizer phenotype comprised 46% of the total number of alleles. Conclusion: The newly developed ASO assay is a reliable and rapid tool for large-scale CYP2D6 genotyping. The high frequency of the CYP2D6∗10 allele in the Karen population warrants further assessment of its association with the radical curative efficacy of primaquine.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2018|
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