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Title: Solenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) anaphylaxis among thai patients: Its allergens and specific IgE-reactivity
Authors: Rutcharin Potiwat
Sasipa Tanyaratsrisakul
Santi Maneewatchararangsri
Wiparat Manuyakorn
Ticha Rerkpattanapipat
Yudthana Samung
Chukiat Sirivichayakul
Wanpen Chaicumpa
Raweerat Sitcharungsi
Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University
Mahidol University
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2018
Citation: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology. Vol.36, No.2 (2018), 101-108
Abstract: © 2018, Allergy and Immunology Society of Thailand. All rights reserved. Background: Specific IgE against Solenopsis invicta (imported fire ant) remains the current diagnostic tool for allergy to ants worldwide. However, S. invicta may not be the only cause of ant anaphylaxis in Thai patients. Objective: To characterize ant species causing anaphylaxis in Thai patients and to test allergenic reactivity to whole body extracts (WBE) of S. geminata (tropical fire ants) in patients with evidence of IgE-mediated ant anaphylaxis. Methods: Thirty-two patients with ant anaphylaxis were identified. The causative ants collected by the patients were subjected to species identification. Twelve patients with ant anaphylaxis and showed positive skin test or serum specific IgE to S. invicta and 14 control subjects were recruited. Whole body extraction from S. geminata was performed for protein characterization using SDS-PAGE and protein staining. IgE-immunoblotting and ELISA-specific IgE binding assays were performed on patients’ sera and compared with controls. Results: Of 32 patients with ant anaphylaxis, the most common causative ant identified was S. geminata (37.5%). Western blot analysis of crude S. geminata revealed 13 refined protein components that bound to patients’ serum IgE. Three major allergens with molecular masses of 26, 55 and 75 kDa were identified. All 12 patients gave positive results for specific IgE to S. geminata with statistically significant higher absorbance units of 0.390 ± 0.044, compared to healthy control group (0.121 ± 0.010), P < 0.01. Conclusions: S. geminata is identified as the most common causative ant anaphylaxis in Thai patients. Its WBE comprises of 13 IgE-binding components and 3 major allergens (26, 55 and 75 kDa), which supported possible IgE-mediated mechanism.
ISSN: 22288694
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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