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|Title:||Bicycling participation in people with a lower limb amputation: a scoping review|
Pieter U. Dijkstra
Juha M. Hijmans
Jan H.B. Geertzen
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen
|Citation:||BMC musculoskeletal disorders. Vol.19, No.1 (2018), 398|
|Abstract:||BACKGROUND: To review literature on bicycling participation, as well as facilitators and barriers for bicycling in people with a lower limb amputation (LLA). METHODS: Peer-reviewed, primary, full text, studies about bicycling in people with a LLA from midfoot level to hemipelvectomy were searched in Pubmed, Embase, Cinahl, Cochrane library, and Sportdiscus. No language or publication date restrictions were applied. Included full-text studies were assessed for methodological quality using the Effective Public Health Practice Project tool. Data were extracted, synthesized and reported following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review. RESULTS: In total, 3144 papers were identified and 14 studies were included. The methodological quality of 13 studies was weak and 1 was moderate. Bicycling participation ranged from 4 to 48%. A shorter time span after LLA and a distal amputation were associated with a higher bicycling participation rate particularly for transportation. In people with a transtibial amputation, a correct prosthetic foot or crank length can reduce pedalling asymmetry during high-intensity bicycling. People with limitations in knee range of motion or skin abrasion can use a hinged crank arm or a low profile prosthetic socket respectively. CONCLUSION: People with a LLA bicycled for transportation, recreation, sport and physical activity. Adaptation of prosthetic socket, pylon and foot as well as bicycle crank can affect pedalling work and force, range of motion, and aerodynamic drag. Because the suggestions from this review were drawn from evidences mostly associated to competition, prosthetists should carefully adapt the existing knowledge to clients who are recreational bicyclists.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2018|
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