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Title: A cohort study of prognostic factors associated with recurrence or metastasis of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) of stomach
Authors: Chairat Supsamutchai
Chumpon Wilasrusmee
Pitichote Hiranyatheb
Jakrapan Jirasiritham
Teerawut Rakchob
Pattawia Choikrua
Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2018
Citation: Annals of Medicine and Surgery. Vol.35, (2018), 1-5
Abstract: © 2018 The Authors Background: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal neoplasm of the gastrointestinal tract. The major risk factors of recurrence and metastasis are mitotic index and tumor size. This study investigates the risk of recurrence and metastasis in solely gastric GIST. The primary outcome is to evaluate risk of recurrence and metastasis. The secondary outcome is to analyse survival rates of patients who have recurrence and metastasis after curative resection. Method: A cohort of patients who underwent curative resection of gastric GIST between January 2006 to December 2016 was reviewed. The diagnosis was confirmed with positive CD34, DOG1 or KIT (CD117) immunohistochemistry. Risk factors of recurrence and metastasis were analyzed. Results: Sixty-eight patients who received curative resection and diagnosed as gastric GIST were included in this study. Twenty (29.41%) had recurrence or metastasis. The median follow up time was 31.95 months. The mostcommon type of surgery was partial gastric resection. There were statistically-significant differences between mitotic index 6 HPF or 6 HPF in tumor size 0-5 cm, 5-10 cm and 10 cm and the risk of recurrence or metastasis (p-value 0.036). In tumors sized 6-10 cm, patients with mitotic index 6 HPF had longer survival than patients with mitotic index 6 HPF (p-value 0.0147). Conclusion: The factor that determines the outcome of recurrence or metastasis in solely gastric GIST is high mitotic index count. Patients who have abdominal pain may be suspected as advanced disease. The type of operation and tumor size are not associated with recurrence or metastasis.
ISSN: 20490801
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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