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Title: A retrospective study of airway related complications in cervical spine surgery
Authors: Manee Raksakietisak
Sirinuttakul Akkaworakit
Saowapark Chumpathong
Akkapong Nitising
Arunotai Siriussawakul
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2018
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.101, No.9 (2018), S19-S25
Abstract: © 2018, Medical Association of Thailand. All rights reserved. Objective: The purpose of the present study was to determine the incidences of perioperative airway related complications (failed intubation, remained intubation and reintubation) and related factors for remained intubation in patients undergoing cervical spine surgery. Materials and Methods: We reviewed records of 253 patients undergoing cervical spine surgery from neurosurgery unit, Siriraj hospital. The data, collected from January 2012 to May 2017, included patients’ demographics, perioperative airway management, perioperative data, airway related complications and outcomes. Results: Total 253 patients were analyzed. The mean age was 57.2±15.6 years, 55% were male; most patients were American Society ofAnesthesiologists [ASA] physical status II. The main diagnosis was cervical spondylotic myelopathy and the main operation was anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. The intubations (missing = 11) were all successful with video laryngoscope, fiberoptic bronchoscope, Mcintosh direct laryngoscope and others. Remained intubation and reintubation occurred 26.1% and 3.5%, respectively. Independent risk factors (odds ratio [OR]; 95% confidence interval [CI]) for remained intubation were volume of crystalloid given >2,000 ml (OR 2.44; 95% CI 1.15 to 5.20), prolonged anesthetic time >5 hours (OR 3.66; 95% CI 1.71 to 7.87), and finished after official service hours (OR 4.54; 95% CI 2.21 to 9.30). A little more than half of the patients (51.8%) went to neurosurgical intensive care unit. Nine patients (3.5%) required reintubation. Conclusion: With advanced airway equipment, the intubations were successful in cervical spine patients but postoperative airway complications (remained intubation and reintubation) remained high and could not be neglected.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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