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Title: A prospective randomized controlled trial comparing infection rates of the daily dressing and scheduled dressing of sutured traumatic wounds
Authors: Raywat Chunhasuwankul
Natthida Owattanapanich
Lertpong Somcharit
Harutai Pantheepo
Sujira Prasanrat
Anusak Yiengpruksawan
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
The Valley Hospital
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2018
Citation: Siriraj Medical Journal. Vol.70, No.5 (2018), 377-381
Abstract: © 2018 Siriraj Medical Journal. Objective: To evaluate outcome differences between DD and SD in 1) wound infection rates, 2) patients' satisfaction according to the wound care and cost of treatment. Methods: A single-center, prospective randomized controlled trial of 350 traumatic-wound patients was conducted. Only adult traumatic wounds without a fracture, tendon injury and neurovascular injury were included. The patients were randomized into two groups: daily dressing (DD) and scheduled dressing (SD) groups. DD group patients received daily wound dressing changes, while those in SD group typically had dressing changed on days 3, 7 and one other scheduled day. Analyzed data included patients' demographics, clinical parameters, patient's satisfaction according to wound treatment and cost. Results: Total wound infection rate was 1.2%. Although the incidence of wound infection in the SD group was lower than that of the DD group (0% vs 2.4%), statistically it was not significant (p=0.06). Patients' satisfaction level was also not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusion: The study showed clinical non-inferiority of SD compared to DD while offering saving benefits both in time and cost. Therefore, SD can be substituted for DD for traumatic wound care after primary repair.
ISSN: 22288082
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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