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Title: Comparative analysis of HIV-related attitudes, behaviors, and beliefs between people living with HIV and health care workers in Thailand
Authors: Kanat Chanthongdee
Dhanach Dhirachaikulpanich
Kamonluk Rodsom
Kunravitch Soraprajum
Teeramet Pungprasert
Peerapol Riawraengsattha
Patcharida Mahatchariyapong
Chakrapong Namatra
Varalak Srinonprasert
Akarin Nimmannit
Peerawong Weerarak
Pattarachai Kiratisin
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2018
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.101, No.3 (2018), 289-296
Abstract: © 2018, Medical Association of Thailand. All rights reserved. Background: Different forms of HIV-related stigma are now firmly established in all HIV-affected countries across the world, including Thailand. These stigmas adversely affect access to care and other types of support needed by people living with HIV [PLHIV]. Data specific to differences in HIV-related attitudes, behaviors, and beliefs between Thai PLHIV and health care workers [HCWs] are scarce. Objective: To investigate and compare differences in HIV-related attitudes, behaviors, and beliefs between PLHIV and HCWs. This study aimed at comparing stigma-related attitudes among PLHIV and HCWs in Thailand. Materials and Methods: This questionnaire-based study was conducted in June 2014 in HCWs employed at and PLHIV receiving care from Siriraj Hospital, Thailand’s largest university-based national tertiary referral center. Results: Ninety-one HCWs and 61 PLHIV were included. Counseling for safe sex practice and appropriate family planning were considered as stigma at higher proportion among PLHIV than did HCWs (p = 0.006 and 0.012, respectively). Moreover, attending special clinic was also a stigma issue concerned by PLHIV (p = 0.006). Issues including sexually promiscuous, people avoiding interaction with PLHIV, gossiped by others, expelled from their places of residency, and stigmatized by mass media appeared to be a concern by only small proportion of PLHIV (less than 25% of PLHIV). Conclusion: The present study emphasized the differences in attitude among HCWs and PLHIV regarding HIV-related stigma in Thailand health care setting. Safe sex advice, appropriate family planning counseling, and setting special clinic for PLHIV were considered HIV stigma-influenced behaviors in a higher proportion of PLHIV than HCWs.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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