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Title: Impact of muscle biopsy on diagnosis and management of children with neuromuscular diseases: A 10-year retrospective critical review
Authors: Sivapol Thavorntanaburt
Jantima Tanboon
Surachai Likasitwattanakul
Tumtip Sangruchi
Ichizo Nishino
Monawat Ngerncham
Niramol Tantemsapya
Oranee Sanmaneechai
National Institute of Neuroscience, Kodaira
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2018
Citation: Journal of Pediatric Surgery. Vol.53, No.3 (2018), 489-492
Abstract: © 2017 Elsevier Inc. Background: Muscle biopsy facilitates morphologic, biochemical, and ultrastructural analysis of muscle for the purpose of making definitive neuromuscular diagnosis. However, muscle biopsy is an expensive, invasive, time-consuming, and resource-dependent procedure. The need for general anesthesia in children also increases the risks associated with this procedure. The aim of this study was to investigate the benefits of muscle biopsies performed over a 10-year period, with a focus on indications, suspected and histopathologic diagnosis, and impact on diagnosis and management decisions. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed results of muscle biopsies performed in children at our center during the 2004 to 2014 study period. Clinical presentations, biopsy complications, pathologic results, and changes in management decision were reviewed and analyzed. Results: Biopsies from 92 patients were included. Mean age of patients was 7.1 years, and 66.3% were male. There were no perioperative complications, and definitive diagnosis was made in 74 patients. Regardless of whether pathologic changes were found or not, information gained from muscle biopsy significantly impacted prognosis and subsequent genetic counseling. Conclusions: Muscle biopsy is a safe and useful diagnostic tool in children suspected of having neuromuscular diseases, especially in those with muscle diseases. Definitive pathologic diagnosis helps to optimize treatment, counseling, and surveillance. The type of study and level of evidence: Study of diagnostic test: level 1.
ISSN: 15315037
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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