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Title: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) outcomes in an LMIC tertiary care centre and performance of trauma scores
Authors: Samitha Samanamalee
Ponsuge Chathurani Sigera
Ambepitiyawaduge Pubudu De Silva
Kaushila Thilakasiri
Aasiyah Rashan
Saman Wadanambi
Kosala Saroj Amarasiri Jayasinghe
Arjen M. Dondorp
Rashan Haniffa
National Hospital of Sri Lanka
University of Colombo Faculty of Medicine
Mahidol University
Network for Improving Critical Care Systems and Training
National Intensive Care Surveillance
Health Promotion Bureau
Intensive Care National Audit and Research Centre
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 8-Jan-2018
Citation: BMC Anesthesiology. Vol.18, No.1 (2018)
Abstract: © 2018 The Author(s). Background: This study evaluates post-ICUoutcomes of patients admitted with moderate and severe Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) in a tertiary neurocritical care unit in an low middle income country and the performance of trauma scores: A Severity Characterization of Trauma, Trauma and Injury Severity Score, Injury Severity Score and Revised Trauma Score in this setting. Methods: Adult patients directly admitted to the neurosurgical intensive care units of the National Hospital of Sri Lanka between 21st July 2014 and 1st October 2014 with moderate or severe TBI were recruited. A telephone administered questionnaire based on the Glasgow Outcome Scale Extended (GOSE) was used to assess functional outcome of patients at 3 and 6months after injury. The economic impact of the injury was assessed before injury, and at 3 and 6months after injury. Results: One hundred and one patients were included in the study. Survival at ICU discharge, 3 and 6months after injury was 68.3%, 49.5% and 45.5% respectively. Of the survivors at 3months after injury, 43 (86%) were living at home.Only 19(38%)patients had a good recovery (as defined by GOSE 7 and 8). Three months and six months after injury, respectively 25 (50%) and 14 (30.4%) patients had become "economically dependent". Selected trauma scores had poor discriminatoryability in predicting mortality. Conclusions: This observational study of patients sustaining moderate or severe TBI in Sri Lanka (a LMIC) reveals only 46% of patients were alive at 6months after ICU discharge and only 20% overall attained a good (GOSE 7 or 8) recovery. The social and economic consequences of TBI were long lasting in this setting. Injury Severity Score, Revised Trauma Score, A Severity Characterization of Trauma and Trauma and Injury Severity Score, all performed poorly in predicting mortality in this setting and illustrate the need for setting adapted tools.
ISSN: 14712253
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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