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Title: Retrospective analysis of 113 consecutive cases of placenta accreta spectrum from a single tertiary care center
Authors: Vitaya Titapant
Trongtum Tongdee
Julaporn Pooliam
Tuangsit Wataganara
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2018
Citation: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. (2018)
Abstract: © 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Objective: Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) remains a major cause of maternal morbidity. We sought to assess the characteristics and treatment outcomes of PAS managed at a tertiary care center with high volume of PAS. Study design: Electronic medical records of all patients with diagnosis of PAS from June 2010 to October 2016 were reviewed. Details of obstetric backgrounds, predelivery diagnosis, peripartum management, and outcomes were analyzed. Results: One hundred thirteen women with PAS were identified from 50,448 deliveries during the study period. Vaginal delivery, emergency, and elective cesarean section were accomplished in 41.6, 30.1, and 28.3%, respectively. There was no maternal mortality. Approximately 41.6% of women with PAS had peripartum hysterectomy. There was a fair inverse correlation between intraoperative blood loss and gestational weeks at delivery (r = −0.311; p=.001), but not gestational weeks at diagnosis (p =.249). Cases with predelivery diagnosis (n = 29) had higher intraoperative blood loss than those diagnosed postdelivery (n = 84) (p<.001). Anterior PAS (n = 58) is associated with attachment to previous uterine scar, antepartum bleeding, and intraoperative blood loss compared to posterior PAS (n = 44) (p<.05). The PAS patients with previous uterine surgery had the highest chance of peripartum hysterectomy (p<.001). Conclusions: Contradictory to previous reports, our data suggest a more severe spectrum of PAS in those with predelivery detection earlier gestational weeks at delivery. Peripartum hysterectomy was highest in anterior PAS that attached to the previous uterine scar.
ISSN: 14764954
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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