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Title: Molecular Characteristics of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococci Clinical Isolates from a Tertiary Hospital in Northern Thailand
Authors: Thawatchai Kitti
Rathanin Seng
Natnaree Saiprom
Rapee Thummeepak
Narisara Chantratita
Chalermchai Boonlao
Sutthirat Sitthisak
Naresuan University
Mahidol University
Chiang Rai College
Chiangrai Prachanukroh Hospital
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2018
Citation: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology. Vol.2018, (2018)
Abstract: © 2018 Thawatchai Kitti et al. Methicillin-resistant staphylococci are now recognized as a major cause of infectious diseases, particularly in hospitals. Molecular epidemiology is important for prevention and control of infection, but little information is available regarding staphylococcal infections in Northern Thailand. In the present study, we examined antimicrobial susceptibility patterns, detection of antimicrobial resistance genes, and SCCmec types of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (MR-CoNS) isolated from patients in a hospital in Northern Thailand. The species of MRSA and MR-CoNS were identified using combination methods, including PCR, MALDI-TOF-MS, and tuf gene sequencing. The susceptibility pattern of all isolates was determined by the disk diffusion method. Antimicrobial resistance genes, SCCmec types, and ST239 were characterized using single and multiplex PCR. ST239 was predominant in MRSA isolates (10/23). All MR-CoNS (N=31) were identified as S. haemolyticus (N=18), S. epidermidis (N=3), S. cohnii (N=3), S. capitis (N=6), and S. hominis (N=1). More than 70% of MRSA and MR-CoNS were resistant to cefoxitin, penicillin, oxacillin, erythromycin, clindamycin, gentamicin, and ciprofloxacin. In MRSA isolates, the prevalence of ermA (78.3%) and ermB (73.9%) genes was high compared to that of the ermC gene (4.3%). In contrast, ermC (87.1%) and qacA/B genes (70.9%) were predominant in MR-CoNS isolates. SCCmec type III was the dominant type of MRSA (13/23), whereas SCCmec type II was more present in S. haemolyticus (10/18). Ten MRSA isolates with SCCmec type III were ST239, which is the common type of MRSA in Asia. This finding provides useful information for a preventive health strategy directed against methicillin-resistant staphylococcal infections.
ISSN: 19181493
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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