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Title: Steviol slows renal cyst growth by reducing AQP2 expression and promoting AQP2 degradation
Authors: Rattikarn Noitem
Chaowalit Yuajit
Sunhapas Soodvilai
Chatchai Muanprasat
Varanuj Chatsudthipong
Ubon Rajathanee University
Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University
Mahidol University
Keywords: Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Issue Date: 1-May-2018
Citation: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy. Vol.101, (2018), 754-762
Abstract: © 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS Overexpression of aquaporin 2 (AQP2) was observed and suggested to be involved in fluid secretion leading to cyst enlargement in polycystic kidney disease (PKD). The cyst expansion deteriorates the renal function and, therefore, therapies targeting cyst enlargement are of clinical interest. Of note, inhibition of vasopressin function using vasopressin 2 receptor (V2R) antagonist which decreased cAMP production along with AQP2 production and function can slow cyst growth in ADPKD. This finding supports the role of AQP2 in cyst enlargement. Steviol, a major metabolite of the sweetening compound stevioside, was reported to retard MDCK cyst growth and enlargement by inhibiting CFTR activity. Interestingly, its efficacy was found to be higher than that of CFTR inh -172. Since steviol was also found to produce diuresis in rodent, it is likely that steviol might have an additional effect in retarding cyst progression, such as inhibition of AQP2 expression and function. Here, we investigated the effect of steviol on AQP2 function and on cyst growth using an in vitro cyst model (MDCK and Pkd1 −/− cells). We found that steviol could markedly inhibit cyst growth by reducing AQP2 expression in both Pkd1 −/− and MDCK cells. Real-time PCR also revealed that steviol decreased AQP2 mRNA expression level as well. Moreover, a proteasome inhibitor, MG-132, and the lysosomotropic agent, hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) were found to abolish the inhibitory effect of steviol in Pkd1 −/− cells. Increased lysosomal enzyme marker (LAMP2) expression following steviol treatment clearly confirmed the involvement of lysosomes in steviol action. In conclusion, our finding showed for the first time that steviol slowed cyst growth, in part, by reducing AQP2 transcription, promoted proteasome, and lysosome-mediated AQP2 degradation. Due to its multiple actions, steviol is a promising compound for further development in the treatment of PKD.
ISSN: 19506007
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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