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Title: Can we measure cognitive constructs consistently within and across cultures? Evidence from a test battery in Bangladesh, Ghana, and Tanzania
Authors: Penny Holding
Adote Anum
Fons J.R. van de Vijver
Maclean Vokhiwa
Nancy Bugase
Toffajjal Hossen
Charles Makasi
Frank Baiden
Omari Kimbute
Oscar Bangre
Rafiqul Hasan
Khadija Nanga
Ransford Paul Selasi Sefenu
Nasmin A-Hayat
Naila Khan
Abraham Oduro
Rumana Rashid
Rasheda Samad
Jan Singlovic
Abul Faiz
Melba Gomes
University of Malawi College of Medicine
Navrongo Health Research Center
National Institute For Medical Research Tanzania
Dhaka Shishu Hospital
Organisation Mondiale de la Santé
University of Ghana
Tilburg University
Mahidol University
Chittagong Medical College
Chittagong Maa- Shishoo O General Hospital
Dev Care Foundation
Malaria Research Group (MRG)
Bangladesh Institute of Tropical and Infectious Disease (BITID)
Keywords: Psychology
Issue Date: 2-Jan-2018
Citation: Applied Neuropsychology: Child. Vol.7, No.1 (2018), 1-13
Abstract: © 2016 World Health Organization; licensee Taylor & Francis/Routledge. We developed a test battery for use among children in Bangladesh, Ghana, and Tanzania, assessing general intelligence, executive functioning, and school achievement. The instruments were drawn from previously published materials and tests. The instruments were adapted and translated in a systematic way to meet the needs of the three assessment contexts. The instruments were administered by a total of 43 trained assessors to 786 children in Bangladesh, Ghana, and Tanzania with a mean age of about 13 years (range: 7–18 years). The battery provides a psychometrically solid basis for evaluating intervention studies in multiple settings. Within-group variation was adequate in each group. The expected positive correlations between test performance and age were found and reliability indices yielded adequate values. A confirmatory factor analysis (not including the literacy and numeracy tests) showed a good fit for a model, merging the intelligence and executive tests in a single factor labeled general intelligence. Measurement weights invariance was found, supporting conceptual equivalence across the three country groups, but not supporting full score comparability across the three countries.
ISSN: 21622973
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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