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Title: Pseudomonas aeruginosa ttcA encoding tRNA-thiolating protein requires an iron-sulfur cluster to participate in hydrogen peroxide-mediated stress protection and pathogenicity
Authors: Adisak Romsang
Jintana Duang-nkern
Khwannarin Khemsom
Lampet Wongsaroj
Kritsakorn Saninjuk
Mayuree Fuangthong
Paiboon Vattanaviboon
Skorn Mongkolsuk
Chulabhorn Research Institute
Mahidol University
Keywords: Multidisciplinary
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2018
Citation: Scientific Reports. Vol.8, No.1 (2018)
Abstract: © 2018, The Author(s). During the translation process, transfer RNA (tRNA) carries amino acids to ribosomes for protein synthesis. Each codon of mRNA is recognized by a specific tRNA, and enzyme-catalysed modifications to tRNA regulate translation. TtcA is a unique tRNA-thiolating enzyme that requires an iron-sulfur ([Fe-S]) cluster to catalyse thiolation of tRNA. In this study, the physiological functions of a putative ttcA in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an opportunistic human pathogen that causes serious problems in hospitals, were characterized. A P. aeruginosa ttcA-deleted mutant was constructed, and mutant cells were rendered hypersensitive to oxidative stress, such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) treatment. Catalase activity was lower in the ttcA mutant, suggesting that this gene plays a role in protecting against oxidative stress. Moreover, the ttcA mutant demonstrated attenuated virulence in a Drosophila melanogaster host model. Site-directed mutagenesis analysis revealed that the conserved cysteine motifs involved in [Fe-S] cluster ligation were required for TtcA function. Furthermore, ttcA expression increased upon H2O2 exposure, implying that enzyme levels are induced under stress conditions. Overall, the data suggest that P. aeruginosa ttcA plays a critical role in protecting against oxidative stress via catalase activity and is required for successful bacterial infection of the host.
ISSN: 20452322
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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