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Title: The prehistoric peopling of Southeast Asia
Authors: Hugh McColl
Fernando Racimo
Lasse Vinner
Fabrice Demeter
Takashi Gakuhari
J. Víctor Moreno-Mayar
George Van Driem
Uffe Gram Wilken
Andaine Seguin-Orlando
Constanza De la Fuente Castro
Sally Wasef
Rasmi Shoocongdej
Viengkeo Souksavatdy
Thongsa Sayavongkhamdy
Mohd Mokhtar Saidin
Morten E. Allentoft
Takehiro Sato
Anna Sapfo Malaspinas
Farhang A. Aghakhanian
Thorfinn Korneliussen
Ana Prohaska
Ashot Margaryan
Peter De Barros Damgaard
Supannee Kaewsutthi
Patcharee Lertrit
Thi Mai Huong Nguyen
Hsiao chun Hung
Thi Minh Tran
Huu Nghia Truong
Giang Hai Nguyen
Shaiful Shahidan
Ketut Wiradnyana
Hiromi Matsumae
Nobuo Shigehara
Minoru Yoneda
Hajime Ishida
Tadayuki Masuyama
Yasuhiro Yamada
Atsushi Tajima
Hiroki Shibata
Atsushi Toyoda
Tsunehiko Hanihara
Shigeki Nakagome
Thibaut Deviese
Anne Marie Bacon
Philippe Duringer
Jean Luc Ponche
Laura Shackelford
Elise Patole-Edoumba
Anh Tuan Nguyen
Bérénice Bellina-Pryce
Jean Christophe Galipaud
Rebecca Kinaston
Hallie Buckley
Christophe Pottier
Simon Rasmussen
Tom Higham
Robert A. Foley
Marta Mirazón Lahr
Ludovic Orlando
Martin Sikora
Maude E. Phipps
Hiroki Oota
Charles Higham
David M. Lambert
Eske Willerslev
École française d’Extrême-Orient
Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
Institute of Molecular Biology of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia
Université de Strasbourg
IPGS Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg
Griffith University
University of Cambridge
Københavns Universitet
University of Otago School of Biomedical Sciences
Universite Paris Descartes
Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle
University of the Ryukyus
Universite Paul Sabatier Toulouse III
University of Oxford
University of Tokyo
Kanazawa University
University of Bern
National Institute of Genetics Mishima
Monash University Malaysia
Silpakorn University
University of New England Australia
University of Otago
National Institutes for the Humanities National Museum of Japanese History
Danmarks Tekniske Universitet
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
Trinity College Dublin
Kyushu University
Australian National University
CNRS Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
Wellcome Sanger Institute
Kitasato University School of Medicine
Universiti Sains Malaysia
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Université de Lausanne (UNIL)
Balai Archeology
Natural History Museum of La Rochelle
Educational Committee of Tahara City
Ministry of Information and Culture
Institute of Archaeology
Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties
Keywords: Multidisciplinary
Issue Date: 6-Jul-2018
Citation: Science. Vol.361, No.6397 (2018), 88-92
Abstract: © The Authors. The human occupation history of Southeast Asia (SEA) remains heavily debated. Current evidence suggests that SEA was occupied by Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherers until ~4000 years ago, when farming economies developed and expanded, restricting foraging groups to remote habitats. Some argue that agricultural development was indigenous; others favor the “two-layer” hypothesis that posits a southward expansion of farmers giving rise to present-day Southeast Asian genetic diversity. By sequencing 26 ancient human genomes (25 from SEA, 1 Japanese Jōmon), we show that neither interpretation fits the complexity of Southeast Asian history: Both Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherers and East Asian farmers contributed to current Southeast Asian diversity, with further migrations affecting island SEA and Vietnam. Our results help resolve one of the long-standing controversies in Southeast Asian prehistory.
ISSN: 10959203
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2018

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