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|Title:||Bioflocs substituted fishmeal feed stimulates immune response and protects shrimp from Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection|
Prince of Songkla University
|Keywords:||Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Environmental Science|
|Citation:||Fish and Shellfish Immunology. Vol.93, (2019), 1067-1075|
|Abstract:||© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Fishmeal is the main source of protein in the shrimp feed industry and is normally derived from trash fish. As such, the production of fishmeal has an adverse effect on the marine environment by taking away small and juvenile fish, leading to depletion of marine species. There is a need for alternative sources of protein which will substitute fishmeal in the aquaculture industry. This study evaluated the components and nutritional efficacy of bioflocs, which were used to substitute fishmeal protein. The effect of bioflocs diets on growth performance, survival rate, and immune response in shrimp compared to normal fishmeal feed were determined. Bioflocs were harvested from the shrimp ponds (C:N ratio >12:1) at Shrimp Village, Chaiya district, Surat Thani, Thailand. The total protein in bioflocs was about 48% and the total lipid was about 5% (dried weight) and the percentages of essential amino acids (EAA) and fatty acids (EFA) in bioflocs were similar to those of fishmeal feed. Shrimp fed with the different dietary bioflocs feed regimens [% to replace fishmeal; 0% (B0), 25% (B25), 50% (B50), 75% (B75), and 100% (B100)] for 42 days revealed that all growth parameters were almost similar to those of the control shrimp (shrimp fed with normal fishmeal, B0) including final body weight, weight gain, specific growth rate, and feed conversion ratio. Remarkably, the survival rates, the levels of immune parameters, and expression of immune genes (proPO-I, PEN-4 and dicer) were significantly higher in bioflocs fed shrimp, especially in B25 and B50 shrimp. Moreover, B25 and B50 bioflocs fed shrimp showed notably increased survival rates following Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus) infection. In conclusion, the present study demonstrates that shrimp survival and immunity are enhanced by biofiocs substituted fishmeal. Significantly, the bioflocs diets activated the immune response to prevent V. parahaemolyticus infection.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2019|
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