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Title: Green ultrasound assisted extraction of trans rosmarinic acid from plectranthus scutellarioides (L.) R.Br. leaves
Authors: Duangjai Tungmunnithum
Laurine Garros
Samantha Drouet
Sullivan Renouard
Eric Lainé
Christophe Hano
Université de Bordeaux
Universite d'Orleans
Mahidol University
CNRS GDR 3711 Orleans
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Environmental Science
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2019
Citation: Plants. Vol.8, No.3 (2019)
Abstract: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Painted nettle (Plectranthus scutellarioides (L.) R.Br.) is an ornamental plant belonging toLamiaceae family, native of Asia. Its leaves constitute one of the richest sources of trans-rosmarinic acid, a well-known antioxidant and antimicrobial phenolic compound. These biological activities attract interest from the cosmetic industry and the demand for the development of green sustainable extraction processes. Here, we report on the optimization and validation of an ultrasound-assisted extraction (USAE) method using ethanol as solvent. Following preliminary single factor experiments, the identified limiting extraction parameters (i.e., ultrasound frequency, extraction duration, and ethanol concentration) were further optimized using a full factorial design approach. The method was then validated following the recommendations of the association of analytical communities (AOAC) to ensure the precision and accuracy of the method used to quantify trans-rosmarinic acid. Highest trans-rosmarinic acid content was obtained using pure ethanol as extraction solvent following a 45-minute extraction in an ultrasound bath operating at an ultrasound frequency of 30 kHz. The antioxidant (in vitro radical scavenging activity) and antimicrobial (directed toward Staphylococcus aureus ACTT6538) activities were significantly correlated with the trans-rosmarinic acid concentration of the extract evidencing that these key biological activities were retained following the extraction using this validated method. Under these conditions, 110.8 mg/g DW of trans-rosmarinic acid were extracted from lyophilized P. scutellarioides leaves as starting material evidencing the great potential of this renewable material for cosmetic applications. Comparison to other classical extraction methods evidenced a clear benefit of the present USAE method both in terms of yield and extraction duration.
ISSN: 22237747
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2019

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