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Title: A green ultrasound-assisted extraction optimization of the natural antioxidant and anti-aging flavonolignans from milk thistle silybum marianum (L.) gaertn. fruits for cosmetic applications
Authors: Samantha Drouet
Emilie A. Leclerc
Laurine Garros
Duangjai Tungmunnithum
Atul Kabra
Bilal Haider Abbasi
Éric Lainé
Christophe Hano
INRA Val de Loire
Quaid-i-Azam University
Universite d'Orleans
Punjab Technical University
Mahidol University
Kota College of Pharmacy
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2019
Citation: Antioxidants. Vol.8, No.8 (2019)
Abstract: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. (aka milk thistle) constitutes the source of silymarin (SILM), a mixture of different flavonolignans and represents a unique model for their extraction. Here we report on the development and validation of an ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) method of S. marianum flavonolignans follow by their quantification using LC system. The optimal conditions of this UAE method were: Aqueous EtOH 54.5% (v/v) as extraction solvent, with application of an ultrasound (US) frequency of 36.6 kHz during 60 min at 45 °C with a liquid to solid ratio of 25:1 mL/g dry weight (DW). Following its optimization using a full factorial design, the extraction method was validated according to international standards of the association of analytical communities (AOAC) to ensure precision and accuracy in the quantitation of each component of the SILM mixture. The efficiency of this UAE was compared with maceration protocol. Here, the optimized and validated conditions of the UAE allowed the highest extraction yields of SILM and its constituents in comparison to maceration. During UAE, the antioxidant capacity of the extracts was retained, as confirmed by the in vitro assays CUPRAC (cupric ion reducing antioxidant capacity) and inhibition of AGEs (advanced glycation end products). The skin anti-aging potential of the extract obtained by UAE was also confirmed by the strong in vitro cell-free inhibition capacity of both collagenase and elastase. To summarize, the UAE procedure presented here is a green and efficient method for the extraction and quantification of SILM and its constituents from the fruits of S. marianum, making it possible to generate extracts with attractive antioxidant and anti-aging activities for future cosmetic applications.
ISSN: 20763921
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2019

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