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Title: Quantitative Proteomics Reveals Differences in the Response of Neutrophils Isolated from Healthy or Diabetic Subjects to Infection with Capsule-Variant Burkholderia thailandensis
Authors: Patoo Withatanung
Dominic Kurian
Watip Tangjittipokin
Nattachet Plengvidhya
Richard W. Titball
Sunee Korbsrisate
Joanne M. Stevens
University of Exeter
University of Edinburgh, Roslin Institute
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Chemistry
Issue Date: 5-Jul-2019
Citation: Journal of Proteome Research. Vol.18, No.7 (2019), 2848-2858
Abstract: © 2019 American Chemical Society. In Thailand, diabetes mellitus is the most significant risk factor for melioidosis, a severe disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei. In this study, neutrophils isolated from healthy or diabetic subjects were infected with B. thailandensis E555, a variant strain with a B. pseudomallei-like capsular polysaccharide used here as a surrogate micro-organism for B. pseudomallei. At 2 h post-infection, neutrophil proteins were subjected to 4-plex iTRAQ-based comparative proteomic analysis. A total of 341 proteins were identified in two or more samples, of which several proteins involved in oxidative stress and inflammation were enriched in infected diabetic neutrophils. We validated this finding by demonstrating that infected diabetic neutrophils generated significantly elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNFα, IL-6, IL-1β, and IL-17 compared to healthy neutrophils. Our data also revealed that infected neutrophils from healthy or diabetic individuals undergo apoptotic cell death at distinctly different rates, with infected diabetic neutrophils showing a diminished ability to delay apoptosis and an increased likelihood of undergoing a lytic form of cell death, compared to infected neutrophils from healthy individuals. Increased expression of inflammatory proteins by infected neutrophils could contribute to the increased susceptibility to infection and inflammation in diabetic patients in melioidosis-endemic areas.
ISSN: 15353907
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2019

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