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Title: Polyphosphate kinase 1 of Burkholderia pseudomallei controls quorum sensing, RpoS and host cell invasion
Authors: Kitima Srisanga
Praewa Suthapot
Permkun Permsirivisarn
Piyarat Govitrapong
Sumalee Tungpradabkul
Patompon Wongtrakoongate
Mahidol University
Chulabhorn Royal Academy
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2019
Citation: Journal of Proteomics. Vol.194, (2019), 14-24
Abstract: © 2018 Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram negative bacterium and the causative agent of melioidosis. Nonetheless, how virulence factors and pathogenic mechanisms are regulated have been elusive. In this study, we determined a role of polyphosphate kinase 1 (Ppk1) in regulation of quorum sensing (QS) and the sigma factor RpoS, and identified genes co-regulated by Ppk1, QS and RpoS. We find that Ppk1 positively controls autoinducer production and expression of rpoS transcript. Proteomic analysis identified 70 protein spots that are differentially expressed between B. pseudomallei wildtype and its ppk1-deficient strain. Within Ppk1regulated proteins, expression of 31 proteins are co-regulated by both RpoS and QS, whose functions of the majority of these proteins are associated with energy production and stress response. Moreover, expression of proteins involved in type III secretion system (T3SS) is also controlled by Ppk1. Quantitative PCR analysis confirmed that the T3SS genes bipB, bsaR and hrpK are down-regulated in ppk1 mutant. In addition, the ppk1-deficient strain exhibits defects in adhesion and invasion into human lung epithelial cells. Our work therefore reveals regulation of virulence factors and a regulatory mechanism of RpoS and QS by Ppk1, which altogether participate in gene expression control, and might be crucial for pathogenicity of B. pseudomallei. Significance: Polyphosphate kinase1 (Ppk1), which is a key enzyme in polyphosphate biosynthesis, is pivotal for virulence of the melioidosis pathogen B. pseudomallei. This enzyme is not present in human. Therefore, it has been proposed to be a key target for anti-bacterial drugs. An important step toward development of novel antibiotics and therapeutic strategies is an analysis of proteins that are controlled by Ppk1. By using proteomics, we find that Ppk1 co-regulates virulence-associated genes together with quorum sensing (QS) and the sigma factor RpoS. Moreover, we reveal that Ppk1 is critical for bacterial adhesion and host cell invasion, supporting the finding from our proteome analysis.
ISSN: 18767737
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2019

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