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Title: Characterization of the ATP4 ion pump in Toxoplasma gondii
Authors: Adele M. Lehane
Adelaide S.M. Dennis
Katherine O. Bray
Dongdi Li
Esther Rajendran
James M. McCoy
Hillary M. McArthur
Markus Winterberg
Farid Rahimi
Christopher J. Tonkin
Kiaran Kirk
Giel G. Van Dooren
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research
University of Melbourne
Mahidol University
Australian National University
Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2019
Citation: Journal of Biological Chemistry. Vol.294, No.14 (2019), 5720-5734
Abstract: © 2019 Lehane et al. The Plasmodium falciparum ATPase PfATP4 isthetarget of a diverse range of antimalarial compounds, including the clinical drug candidate cipargamin. PfATP4 was originally annotated as a Ca2 transporter, but recent evidence suggests that it is a Na efflux pump, extruding Na in exchange for H. Here we demonstrate that ATP4 proteins belong to a clade of P-type ATPases that are restricted to apicomplexans and their closest relatives. We employed a variety of genetic and physiological approaches to investigate the ATP4 protein of the apicomplexan Toxoplasma gondii, TgATP4. We show that TgATP4 is a plasma membrane protein. Knockdown of TgATP4 had no effect on resting pH or Ca2 but rendered parasites unable to regulate their cytosolic Na concentration ([Na]cyt). PfATP4 inhibitors caused an increase in [Na]cyt and a cytosolic alkalinization in WT but not TgATP4 knockdown parasites. Parasites in which TgATP4 was knocked down or disrupted exhibited a growth defect, attributable to reduced viability of extracellular parasites. Parasites in which TgATP4 had been disrupted showed reduced virulence in mice. These results provide evidence for ATP4 proteins playing a key conserved role in Na regulation in apicomplexan parasites.
ISSN: 1083351X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2019

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