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Title: From presentation to paper: Gender disparities in oncological research
Authors: Willemieke P.M. Dijksterhuis
Charlotte I. Stroes
Wan Ling Tan
Suthinee Ithimakin
Antonio Calles
Martijn G.H. van Oijen
Rob H.A. Verhoeven
Jorge Barriuso
Sjoukje F. Oosting
Daniela Kolarevic Ivankovic
Andrew J.S. Furness
Ivana Bozovic-Spasojevic
Carlos Gomez-Roca
Hanneke W.M. van Laarhoven
Institute of Oncology and Radiology of Serbia
Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañon
National Cancer Centre, Singapore
Christie NHS Foundation Trust
Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen
University of Manchester
Universiteit van Amsterdam
Institut Universitaire du Cancer de Toulouse
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2019
Citation: International Journal of Cancer. (2019)
Abstract: © 2019 The Authors. International Journal of Cancer published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of UICC Gender disparities in scientific publications have been identified in oncological research. Oral research presentations at major conferences enhance visibility of presenters. The share of women presenting at such podia is unknown. We aim to identify gender-based differences in contributions to presentations at two major oncological conferences. Abstracts presented at plenary sessions of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meetings and European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congresses were collected. Trend analyses were used to analyze female contribution over time. The association between presenter's sex, study outcome (positive/negative) and journals' impact factors (IFs) of subsequently published papers was assessed using Chi-square and Mann–Whitney U tests. Of 166 consecutive abstracts presented at ASCO in 2011–2018 (n = 34) and ESMO in 2008–2018 (n = 132), 21% had female presenters, all originating from Northern America (n = 17) or Europe (n = 18). The distribution of presenter's sex was similar over time (p = 0.70). Of 2,425 contributing authors to these presented abstracts, 28% were women. The proportion of female abstract authors increased over time (p < 0.05) and was higher in abstracts with female (34%) compared to male presenters (26%; p < 0.01). Presenter's sex was not associated with study outcome (p = 0.82). Median journals' IFs were lower in papers with a female first author (p < 0.05). In conclusion, there is a clear gender disparity in research presentations at two major oncological conferences, with 28% of authors and 21% of presenters of these studies being female. Lack of visibility of female presenters could impair acknowledgement for their research, opportunities in their academic career and even hamper heterogeneity in research.
ISSN: 10970215
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2019

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