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Title: Staphylococcus argenteus from rabbits in Thailand
Authors: Nitaya Indrawattana
Natapol Pumipuntu
Nawarat Suriyakhun
Arunee Jangsangthong
Suphang Kulpeanprasit
Narisara Chantratita
Nitat Sookrung
Wanpen Chaicumpa
Shutipen Buranasinsup
Mahidol University
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
Mahasarakham University
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2019
Citation: MicrobiologyOpen. Vol.8, No.4 (2019)
Abstract: © 2018 The Authors. MicrobiologyOpen published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Staphylococcus argenteus, a novel species of the genus Staphylococcus or a member of the S. aureus complex, is closely related to S. aureus and is usually misidentified. In this study, the presence of S. argenteus in isolated S. aureus was investigated in 67 rabbits with abscess lesions during 2014–2016. Among 19 S. aureus complex isolates, three were confirmed to be S. argenteus by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, nonribosomal peptide synthetase gene amplification, and multilocus sequence type. All S. aureus complex isolates, including the S. aureus isolates, were examined for their antimicrobial resistance phenotype by disk diffusion and for their resistance genotype by PCR assays. Among the S. argenteus isolates, one was susceptible to all antimicrobial drugs and the other two were resistant to penicillin and doxycycline. In contrast, most S. aureus isolates were resistant to penicillin (37.5%), and gentamicin (12.5%). Moreover, S. aureus isolates harbored the blaZ, mecA, aacA-aphD, and mrs(A) as well as mutations of gyrA and grlA, but S. argenteus isolates carried solely the blaZ. S. argenteus isolates were investigated for enterotoxin (sea-sed) and virulence genes by PCR. One isolate carried sea, sec, and sed, whereas the other two isolates carried only sea or sed. No isolate carried seb and see. All three S. argenteus isolates carried hla, hlb, and clfA, followed by pvl, whereas coa, spa (IgG-binding region), and spa (x region) were not detected in the three isolates. This paper presents the first identification of S. argenteus from rabbits in Thailand. S. argenteus might be pathogenic because the isolates carried virulence genes. Moreover, antimicrobial resistance was observed. Investigations of this new bacterial species should be conducted in other animal species as well as in humans.
ISSN: 20458827
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2019

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