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Title: Concordance of skin prick test and serum-specific IgE to locally produced component-resolved diagnostics for cockroach allergy
Authors: Nitat Sookrung
Pichade Jotikaprasardhna
Chaweewan Bunnag
Wanpen Chaicumpa
Anchalee Tungtrongchitr
Lerdsin Hospital
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2019
Citation: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. Vol.122, No.1 (2019), 93-98
Abstract: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd Background: Diagnosis of Periplaneta americana (American cockroach, ACR) allergy is commonly performed based on clinical history and skin prick test (SPT) or specific serum IgE (sIgE) measurement. The concordance of the findings with the SPT and sIgE results has never been investigated. Objective: To compare the results of SPT with commercial ACR-extract (C-ACE) and sIgE measurement, using commercial kit and in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to the locally produced ACR extract (L-ACE) and native Per a 1, Per a 5, Per a 7, and Per a 9. Methods: Sera from 66 individuals clinically diagnosed with chronic allergic rhinitis were included; 46 were positive SPT to C-ACE, and 20 were negative. Specific serum IgE levels were established by using a commercial test kit (ImmunoCap) and an in-house IgE-ELISA Results: The percentage the C-ACE SPT-positive cases that were positive by the ImmunoCap-sIgE was 32.6%, indicating low concordance of the 2 assays. With the in-house ELISA, Per a 9 gave the highest sensitivity (98.00%), positive predictive value (PPV; 95.74%), and negative predictive value (NPV; 94.74%) of the sIgE quantification. The correlation coefficients (R) of the L-ACE-SPT and sIgE to L-ACE, Per a 1, Per a 5, Per a 7, and Per a 9 and ImmunoCap sIgE were 0.133, 0.278, 0.419, 0.280, and 0.432, and 0.256, respectively. Conclusion: Skin prick test and sIgE measurement using commercial reagents have low concordance. Data of this study showed that sIgE to the native Per a 9 should be considered as an adjunct to the clinical history in diagnosis of ACR sensitization/allergy, particularly when the SPT and the nasal challenge, which is the gold standard method, cannot be performed.
ISSN: 15344436
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2019

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