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Title: Acute pancreatitis in end-stage renal disease patients in the USA: A nationwide, propensity score-matched analysis
Authors: Wisit Cheungpasitporn
Charat Thongprayoon
Patompong Ungprasert
Karn Wijarnpreecha
Massimo Raimondo
Paul T. Kroner
Mahidol University
University of Mississippi
Mayo Clinic
Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Florida
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2019
Citation: European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Vol.31, No.8 (2019), 968-972
Abstract: © 2019 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved. BackgroundLimited data exist regarding the effects of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on acute pancreatitis (AP). This study aimed to evaluate the association between ESRD and outcomes and resource utilization of AP.Materials and methodsThe 2014 National Inpatient Sample database was used to identify all hospitalized patients with a principal diagnosis of AP. Propensity score matching was performed to create a matched cohort of ESRD and non-ESRD patients. The in-hospital mortality, morbidity, resource utilization and expenditures of AP in ESRD patients were compared to non-ESRD patients. Multivariate analysis was performed for further adjustment for potential confounders.ResultsOf 382 595 AP patients, 7380 ESRD patients and 8050 non-ESRD patients were created after propensity score matching. ESRD patients had more tendency to have hypercalcemia-related or AP-related to other/unspecified causes, whereas non-ESRD patients had more tendency to have alcohol-related, gallstone-related, and hypertriglyceridemia-related AP. In multivariate analysis, ESRD was associated with increased in-hospital mortality, increased length of hospital stay, and increased hospitalization costs and charges. No differences were observed in inpatient morbidity, imaging study use, and procedures performed during hospitalization.ConclusionIn this large nationwide study using inpatient USA database, we demonstrate higher AP-related mortality, and resource utilization among ESRD patients when compared with non-ESRD patients.
ISSN: 14735687
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2019

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