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Title: Antibody responses against influenza B lineages among community-dwelling individuals 65 years of age or older having received trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine during two consecutive seasons in Thailand
Authors: Malinee Chittaganpitch
Pilaipan Puthavathana
Prabda Praphasiri
Sunthareeya Waicharoen
Manash Shrestha
Joshua A. Mott
Kriengkrai Prasert
Kasetsart University, Chalermphrakiat Sakon Nakhon Province Campus
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Thailand Ministry of Public Health
Mahidol University
National Institutes of Health, Bethesda
Nakhon Phanom Provincial Hospital
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-May-2019
Citation: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. Vol.50, No.3 (2019), 500-513
Abstract: © 2019, SEAMEO TROPMED Network. All rights reserved. Seasonal trivalent influenza vaccines (TIV) have been recommended since 2008 for people ≥65 years of age in Thailand. While two distinct antigenic lineages of influenza B virus, namely, B/Yamagata and B/Victoria, often co-circulate in Thailand, TIV contains only one influenza B lineage. Little is known regarding cross-protection among older Thai persons offered by current TIV against heterologous influenza B lineage. Kinetics, longevity and cross-antibody response to both influenza B lineages were measured in 85 healthy Thai persons ≥65 years of age vaccinated with TIV containing B Phuket/3073/2013 (Yamagata lineage) in 2015-2016 season and then with TIV containing B/Brisbane/60/2008 (Victoria lineage) in 2016-2017 season. Hemagglutination-inhibition assays were performed on blood specimens collected at five time intervals during the study period. Seroconversion rate, seroprotection rate, geometric mean titer (GMT), and GMT ratio peaked at one month after the first vaccination and declined over time. At one-month post second vaccination, antibody response was shown not only for homologous B/Brisbane virus but also for heterologous B/Phuket virus. The study suggests the elderly could develop antibody response to both influenza B lineages when primed with TIV containing one B lineage and boosted with a TIV vaccination containing the other B lineage. Although more research is needed, in resource-limited countries where quadrivalent influenza vaccines are not avail-able, repeated TIV vaccination may be beneficial in developing immunological protection against influenza B in people ≥65 years of age.
ISSN: 01251562
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2019

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