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Title: Altered profile of circulating microparticles in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation
Authors: Panjaree Siwaponanan
Rassamon Keawvichit
Suthipol Udompunturak
Saowalak Hunnangkul
Kanit Reesukumal
Kasama Sukapirom
Kovit Pattanapanyasat
Rungroj Krittayaphong
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2019
Citation: Clinical Cardiology. Vol.42, No.4 (2019), 425-431
Abstract: © 2019 The Authors. Clinical Cardiology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Background: Nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, and it is associated with the prothrombotic state. Circulating microparticles (cMPs) are membrane vesicles that are shed from many cell types in response to cell activation and cell apoptosis. Several studies reported that cMPs may play a role in the hypercoagulable state that can be observed in patients with AF. The aim of this study was to determine the levels of total cMPs and characterize their cellular origins in AF patients. Methods: Atotal of 66 AF patients and 33 healthy controls were enrolled. This study investigated total cMP levels and their cellular origin in AF patients using polychromatic flow cytometry. Results: AF patients had significantly higher levels of total cMPs (median 36.38, interquartile range [IQR] 21.16-68.50 × 10 5 counts/mL vs median 15.21, IQR 9.91-30.86 × 10 5 counts/mL; P = 0.004), platelet-derived MPs (PMPs) (median 10.61, IQR 6.55-18.04 × 10 5 counts/mL vs median 7.83, IQR 4.44-10.26 × 10/mL; P = 0.009), and endothelial-derived MPs (EMPs CD31+ CD41−) (median 2.94, IQR 1.78-0.60 × 10 5 counts/mL vs median 1.16, IQR 0.71-2.30 × 10 5 counts/mL; P = 0.001) than healthy controls after adjusting for potential confounders. Phosphatidylserine positive MP (PS + MP) levels were similar compared between AF patients and healthy controls. Conclusion: The results of this study revealed a marked increase in total cMP levels, and evidence of elevated endothelial damage and platelet activation, as demonstrated by increased PMP and EMP levels, in AF patients. Additional study is needed to further elucidate the role of cMPs (PMPs and EMPs) in the pathophysiology of and the complications associated with AF.
ISSN: 19328737
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2019

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