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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/53923
Title: Antibody levels to Malassezia pachydermatis and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius in atopic dogs and their relationship with lesion scores
Authors: Nathrada Khantavee
Chanettee Chanthick
Nitat Sookrung
Nuvee Prapasarakul
Chulalongkorn University
Kasetsart University
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Veterinary
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2020
Citation: Veterinary Dermatology. Vol.31, No.2 (2020), 111-115
Abstract: © 2019 ESVD and ACVD Background: Elevated immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels to Malassezia or Staphylococcus species in human atopic dermatitis are related to the skin severity index; a similar association has not been reported in atopic dogs. Objectives: To investigate serum levels of allergen-specific IgE, total specific IgG and IgG subclasses (IgG1 and IgG2) for M. pachydermatis and S. pseudintermedius, and to correlate them with the severity of dermatitis in dogs. Animals: Serum samples were collected from dogs categorized by age and disease status. Groups 1 and 2: <3-year-old healthy (n = 9) and atopic dogs (n = 9), respectively; and groups 3 and 4: ≥3-year-old healthy (n = 11) and atopic dogs (n = 14), respectively. Methods and materials: Antibody levels were measured by ELISA. The Canine Atopic Dermatitis Lesion Index (CADLI) was analyzed in relation to antibody levels. Results: Specific IgE and total IgG against M. pachydermatis and S. pseudintermedius were significantly increased in atopic dogs of all ages. Although differences between atopic and healthy dogs, with regard to specific IgG1 and IgG2 levels to each microbe, varied in significance within age groups. No significant relationships were found between the CADLI and any specific immunoglobulin levels for both microbe types. Conclusions and clinical importance: In dog skin, microbes may act as allergens triggering inflammatory responses via IgE- and IgG-dependent pathway(s). The affinity of the IgG subclass produced may vary according to antigen type. Specific IgE levels may be related to clinical disease in dogs and not to skin lesion severity.
URI: http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/53923
metadata.dc.identifier.url: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85075186208&origin=inward
ISSN: 13653164
09594493
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2020

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