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Title: Subspecies in the Sarus Crane Antigone antigone revisited; with particular reference to the Australian population
Authors: Timothy D. Nevard
Martin Haase
George Archibald
Ian Leiper
Robert N. Van Zalinge
Nuchjaree Purchkoon
Boripat Siriaroonrat
Tin Nwe Latt
Michael Wink
Stephen T. Garnett
Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald
Mahidol University
International Crane Foundation
Charles Darwin University
Zoological Park Organisation
Atherton Tablelands Foundation
Institut für Pharmazie und Molekulare Biotechnologie
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Multidisciplinary
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2020
Citation: PLoS ONE. Vol.15, No.4 (2020)
Abstract: © 2020 Nevard et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Subspecies are often less well-defined than species but have become one of the basic units for legal protection. Evidence for the erection or synonymy of subspecies therefore needs to be founded on the best science available. Here we show that there is clear genetic disjunction in the Sarus Crane Antigone antigone, where previously the variation had appeared to be clinal. Based on a total sample of 76 individuals, analysis of 10 microsatellite loci from 67 samples and 49 sequences from the mitochondrial control region, this research establishes that the Australian Sarus Crane A. a. gillae differs significantly from both A. a. antigone (South Asia) and A. a. sharpii (Myanmar and Indochina). A single sample from the extinct Philippine subspecies A. a luzonica clustered with A. a. gillae, hinting at the potential for a more recent separation between them than from A. a. antigone and A. a. sharpii, even though A. a. sharpii is closer geographically. The results demonstrate that failure to detect subspecies through initial genetic profiling does not mean discontinuities are absent and has significance for other cases where subspecies are dismissed based on partial genetic evidence. It could also be potentially important for sourcing birds for reintroduction to the Philippines.
ISSN: 19326203
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2020

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