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Title: Engineering of bifunctional enzymes with uricase and peroxidase activities for simple and rapid quantification of uric acid in biological samples
Authors: Thanawat Phuadraksa
Jurairat Chittrakanwong
Kittitouch Tullayaprayouch
Naruthai Onsirisakul
Sineewanlaya Wichit
Sakda Yainoy
Mahidol University
Chulabhorn Royal Academy
Keywords: Chemical Engineering;Chemistry
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2020
Citation: Catalysts. Vol.10, No.4 (2020)
Abstract: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Serum uric acid (SUA) is an important biomarker for prognosis and management of gout and other diseases. The development of a low-cost, simple, rapid and reliable assay for SUA detection is of great importance. In the present study, to save the cost of enzyme production and to shorten the reaction time for uric acid quantification, bifunctional proteins with uricase and peroxidase activities were engineered. In-frame fusion of Candida utilis uricase (CUOX) and Vitreoscilla hemoglobin (VHb) resulted in two versions of the bifunctional protein, CUOX-VHb (CV) and VHb-CUOX (VC). To our knowledge, this is the first report to describe the production of proteins with uricase and peroxidase activities. Based on the measurement of the initial rates of the coupled reaction (between uricase and peroxidase), CV was proven to be the most efficient enzyme followed by VC and native enzymes (CUOX+VHb), respectively. CV was further applied for the development of an assay for colorimetric detection of SUA, which was based on VHb-catalyzed oxidation of Amplex Red in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2). Under the optimized conditions, the assay exhibited a linear relationship between the absorbance and UA concentration over the range of 2.5 to 50 µM, with a detection limit of 1 µM. In addition, the assay can be performed at a single pH (8.0) so adjustment of the pH for peroxidase activity was not required. This advantage helped to further reduce costs and time. The developed assay was also successfully applied to detect UA in pooled human serum with the recoveries over 94.8%. These results suggest that the proposed assay holds great potential for clinical application.
ISSN: 20734344
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2020

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