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Title: Clinical and in vitro cross-reactivity of cereal grains in children with IgE-mediated wheat allergy
Authors: Witchaya Srisuwatchari
Surapon Piboonpocanun
Unchalee Wangthan
Orathai Jirapongsananuruk
Nualanong Visitsunthorn
Punchama Pacharn
Mahidol University
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2020
Citation: Allergologia et Immunopathologia. (2020)
Abstract: © 2020 SEICAP Introduction and Objectives: Wheat and cereal grains have a broad range of cross-reactivity, but the clinical relevance of this cross-reactivity is uncertain. This study aimed to evaluate clinical and in vitro cross-reactivity with barley, oat, and Job's tears among wheat-allergic patients. Materials and Methods: Patients aged 5 to 15 years with IgE-mediated wheat allergy were enrolled. Skin prick test (SPT) and specific IgE (sIgE) to wheat, barley, and oat, and SPT to Job's tears were performed. Oral food challenge (OFC) was conducted if the SPT was ≤5 mm in size and there was no history of anaphylaxis to each grain. Profiles of sIgE bound allergens of wheat, barley, and oat, and inhibition ELISA of IgE binding to barley and oat with wheat were performed. Results: Ten patients with a median age of 8 years were enrolled. Nine of those patients had a history of wheat anaphylaxis. The median SPT size and sIgE level to wheat was 7.3 mm and 146.5 kUA/l, respectively. The cross-reactivity rate for barley, oat, and Job's tears was 60.0%, 33.3%, and 20.0%, respectively. Significantly larger SPT size and higher sIgE level were observed in patients with positive cross-reactivity to barley and oat when compared to patients without cross-reactivity. Barley and oat extracts inhibited 59% and 16% of sIgE bound to wheat gliadins and glutenins, respectively. Conclusion: The cross-reactivity rate was quite low for oat and Job's tears compared to that of barley; therefore, avoidance of all cereal grains may be unnecessary in patients with severe wheat allergy.
ISSN: 15781267
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2020

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