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Title: The influence of the ambient temperature on blood pressure and how it will affect the epidemiology of hypertension in Asia
Authors: Sungha Park
Kazuomi Kario
Yook Chin Chia
Yuda Turana
Chen Huan Chen
Peera Buranakitjaroen
Jennifer Nailes
Satoshi Hoshide
Saulat Siddique
Jorge Sison
Arieska Ann Soenarta
Guru Prasad Sogunuru
Jam Chin Tay
Boon Wee Teo
Yu Qing Zhang
Jinho Shin
Huynh Van Minh
Naoko Tomitani
Tomoyuki Kabutoya
Apichard Sukonthasarn
Narsingh Verma
Tzung Dau Wang
Ji Guang Wang
University Medicine and Pharmacy, Hue University
De La Salle Health Sciences Institute
Sunway University
Hanyang University Medical Center
Jichi Medical University
Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
Madras Institute of Orthopaedics and Traumatology Hospitals
Kathmandu University
University of the East Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Medical Center
Fatima Memorial Hospital
Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
Universitas Indonesia
University of Malaya
Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine
National Taiwan University College of Medicine
King George's Medical University
Yonsei University College of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
National Yang-Ming University, School of Medicine
Tan Tock Seng Hospital
Chiang Mai University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2020
Citation: Journal of Clinical Hypertension. Vol.22, No.3 (2020), 438-444
Abstract: © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Epidemiologic studies have consistently demonstrated an increased risk of cardiovascular disease during colder temperatures. Hemodynamic changes associated with cold temperature and an increase in thrombogenicity may both account for the increase in cardiovascular risk and mortality. Studies using both in-office and out-of-office BP measurements have consistently shown an elevation in BP during the colder seasons. The large difference in BP between cold and warm months may increase the incidence of hypertension and reduce the hypertension control rate, potentially resulting in increased cardiovascular risk, especially among those at risk of cardiovascular disease. The current trends in global warming and climate change may have a profound impact on the epidemiology of hypertension and cardiovascular disease, as changes in the climate may significantly affect both BP variability and cardiovascular disease, especially in those with high cardiovascular risk and the elderly. Furthermore, climate change could have a significant influence on hypertension in Asia, considering the unique characteristics of hypertensive patients in Asia. As an increase in ambient temperature decreases the mean daytime average and morning surge in BP, but increases the nocturnal BP, it is difficult to predict how environmental changes will affect the epidemiology and prognosis of hypertension in the Asian-Pacific region. However, these seasonal variations in BP could be minimized by adjusting the housing conditions and using anticipation medicine. In this review, we discuss the impact of seasonal variation in the ambient temperature on hypertension and cardiovascular disease and discuss how this may impact the epidemiology of hypertension and cardiovascular disease.
ISSN: 17517176
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2020

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