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|Title:||Structural Comparison of Different Galacto-oligosaccharide Mixtures Formed by β-Galactosidases from Lactic Acid Bacteria and Bifidobacteria|
Sander S. Van Leeuwen
Thu Ha Nguyen
University of Groningen, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute (GBB)
Universitat fur Bodenkultur Wien
University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen
CarbExplore Research BV
|Keywords:||Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Chemistry|
|Citation:||Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Vol.68, No.15 (2020), 4437-4446|
|Abstract:||© 2020 American Chemical Society. The LacLM-type β-galactosidase from Lactobacillus helveticus DSM 20075 expressed in both Escherichia coli (EcoliBL21Lhβ-gal) and Lactobacillus plantarum (Lp609Lhβ-gal) was tested for their potential to form galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) from lactose. The Lh-GOS mixture formed by β-galactosidase from L. helveticus, together with three GOS mixtures produced using β-galactosidases of both the LacLM and the LacZ type from other lactic acid bacteria, namely, L. reuteri (Lr-GOS), L. bulgaricus (Lb-GOS), and Streptococcus thermophilus (St-GOS), as well as two GOS mixtures (Br-GOS1 and Br-GOS2) produced using β-galactosidases (β-gal I and β-gal II) from Bifidobacterium breve, was analyzed and structurally compared with commercial GOS mixtures analyzed in previous work (Vivinal GOS, GOS I, GOS III, and GOS V) using high-performance anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD), high-performance size-exclusion chromatography with a refractive index (RI) detector (HPSEC-RI), and one-dimensional 1H NMR spectroscopy. β-Galactosidases from lactic acid bacteria and B. breve displayed a preference to form β-(1→6)- and β-(1→3)-linked GOS. The GOS mixtures produced by these enzymes consisted of mainly DP2 and DP3 oligosaccharides, accounting for ∼90% of all GOS components. GOS mixtures obtained with β-galactosidases from lactic acid bacteria and B. breve were quite similar to the commercial GOS III mixture in terms of product spectrum and showed a broader product spectrum than the commercial GOS V mixture. These GOS mixtures also contained a number of GOS components that were absent in the commercial Vivinal GOS (V-GOS).|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2020|
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