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dc.contributor.authorChris Mawhinneyen_US
dc.contributor.authorIlkka Heinonenen_US
dc.contributor.authorDavid A. Lowen_US
dc.contributor.authorChunlei Hanen_US
dc.contributor.authorHelen Jonesen_US
dc.contributor.authorKari K. Kalliokoskien_US
dc.contributor.authorAnna Kirjavainenen_US
dc.contributor.authorJukka Kemppainenen_US
dc.contributor.authorValter Di Salvoen_US
dc.contributor.authorMatthew Westonen_US
dc.contributor.authorTim Cableen_US
dc.contributor.authorWarren Gregsonen_US
dc.contributor.otherAspire Academyen_US
dc.contributor.otherLiverpool John Moores Universityen_US
dc.contributor.otherTurun Yliopistollinen Keskussairaalaen_US
dc.contributor.otherTeesside Universityen_US
dc.contributor.otherHögskolan i Halmstaden_US
dc.contributor.otherUniversity of Birminghamen_US
dc.contributor.otherMahidol Universityen_US
dc.contributor.otherTurun yliopistoen_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985). Vol.128, No.5 (2020), 1392-1401en_US
dc.description.abstractWe examined the influence of graded cold-water immersion (CWI) on global and regional quadriceps muscle perfusion with positron emission tomography (PET) and [15O]H2O. In 30 healthy men [33 ± 8 yr; 81 ± 10 kg; 184 ± 5 cm; percentage body fat: 13 ± 5%; peak oxygen uptake (V̇o2peak): 47 ± 8 mL·kg-1·min-1] quadriceps perfusion, thigh and calf cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC), intestinal, muscle, and local skin temperatures, thermal comfort, mean arterial pressure, and heart rate were assessed before and after 10 min of CWI at 8°C, 15°C, or 22°C. Global quadriceps perfusion did not change beyond a clinically relevant threshold (0.75 mL·100 g·min-1) in any condition and was similar between conditions {range of differences [95% confidence interval (CI)]: 0.1 mL·100 g·min-1 (-0.9 to 1.2 mL·100 g·min-1) to 0.9 mL·100 g·min-1 (-0.2 to 1.9 mL·100 g·min-1)}. Muscle perfusion was greater in vastus intermedius (VI) compared with vastus lateralis (VL) (2.2 mL·100 g·min-1; 95% CI 1.5 to 3.0 mL·100 g·min-1) and rectus femoris (RF) (2.2 mL·100 g·min-1; 1.4 to 2.9 mL·100 g·min-1). A clinically relevant increase in VI muscle perfusion after immersion at 8°C and a decrease in RF muscle perfusion at 15°C were observed. A clinically relevant increase in perfusion was observed in VI in 8°C compared with 22°C water (2.3 mL·100 g·min-1; 1.1 to 3.5 mL·100 g·min-1). There were no clinically relevant between-condition differences in thigh CVC. Our findings suggest that CWI (8-22°C) does not reduce global quadriceps muscle perfusion to a clinically relevant extent; however, colder water increases (8°C) deep muscle perfusion and reduces (15°C) superficial muscle (RF) perfusion in the quadriceps muscle.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Using positron emission tomography, we report for the first time muscle perfusion heterogeneity in the quadriceps femoris in response to different degrees of cold-water immersion (CWI). Noxious CWI temperatures (8°C) increase perfusion in the deep quadriceps muscle, whereas superficial quadriceps muscle perfusion is reduced in cooler (15°C) water. Therefore, these data have important implications for the selection of CWI approaches used in the treatment of soft tissue injury, while also increasing our understanding of the potential mechanisms underpinning CWI.en_US
dc.rightsMahidol Universityen_US
dc.subjectBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biologyen_US
dc.titleChanges in quadriceps femoris muscle perfusion following different degrees of cold-water immersionen_US
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2020

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