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Title: Oxygen isotopic compositions of meteoric precipitation, drip water, and aragonitic stalagmite deposition from the Namjang cave in northwestern Thailand: implications for multi-proxy climate reconstruction
Authors: Chotika Muangsong
Nathsuda Pumijumnong
Binggui Cai
Chaoyong Hu
Faculty of Environment and Resource Studies, Mahidol University
Fujian Normal University
Mahidol University
China University of Geosciences
Keywords: Earth and Planetary Sciences
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2020
Citation: Theoretical and Applied Climatology. (2020)
Abstract: © 2020, Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature. Stalagmites provide one of the few high-quality proxy records of the Thailand monsoon. The Namjang (NJ) cave (19°40′30″N, 98°12′12″E; 923 m a.s.l.), which is situated in the data-scarce region of northwestern Thailand, serves as a unique and important site that offers great potential for multi-proxy climate reconstruction. We present new data on stable oxygen isotopic (δ18O) compositions and growth rates of aragonite stalagmites based on an in situ cave and climate monitoring study performed between August 2012 and October 2013. The dominant factors that control the variations in the δ18O values of rainfall, drip water, and modern aragonite precipitate as well as the variations in the modern speleothem deposition rates and drip water hydrochemical properties were determined to correctly interpret the climatic signals of the parameters that are derived from speleothems. The intraseasonal variations in rainfall δ18O values were faithfully recorded from cave drip water isotopic signals. The monthly mean values of δ18O in cave drip water were lower in the rainy season and higher in the dry seasons and shifted from approximately − 4 in the early rainy months to approximately − 6‰ in the late rainy months. These variations have implications for the use of speleothem δ18O from the NJ cave as a proxy of the seasonal variations in monsoon rainfall δ18O and changes in moisture source trajectories. The deposition rates of modern speleothem deposits are primarily controlled by drip water flow rates, which are linked to the amount of water recharge in the cave during the summer monsoon season. There was a significant correlation between the drip rate and amount of carbonate precipitation for the drip sites NJ-1 (r = 0.54, p < 0.040) and NJ-1202 (r = 0.76, p < 0.004). Combinations of different parameters and proxies from this area could provide the potential for the further development of multi-proxy climate reconstructions over different time scales.
ISSN: 14344483
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2020

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