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Title: Unusual non-nanophthalmic uveal effusion syndrome with histologically normal scleral architecture: a case report
Authors: Kasama Kaewsangthong
Somanus Thoongsuwan
Mongkol Uiprasertkul
Nopasak Phasukkijwatana
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 29-Jul-2020
Citation: BMC ophthalmology. Vol.20, No.1 (2020), 311
Abstract: BACKGROUND: To report an unusual case of non-nanophthalmic uveal effusion syndrome (UES) with histologically normal sclera but responsive to scleral resection. CASE PRESENTATION: A73-year-old man presented with a bullous retinal detachment without ciliochoroidal detachment on funduscopic examination of the right eye. The axial length of both eyes was normal. Extensive investigations for possible causes of exudative retinal detachment were performed with unremarkable results except for choroidal hyperpermeability on indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) revealed scleral thickening with peripheral choroidal elevation leading to the diagnosis of UES. Partial thickness sclerectomy and sclerotomy was performed resulting in complete retinal reattachment, reduction of choroidal hyperpermeability on ICGA and improvement of visual acuity. However, histological studies of the excised sclera revealed no scleral architectural changes or abnormal deposits. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis of UES in non-nanophthalmic eyes is challenging. Thorough systemic and ocular investigations are critical to rule out other etiologies. UBM can be helpful to evaluate scleral thickness and anterior choroid in equivocal cases. Our case was unique in that, although the sclera was thick, no abnormal microscopic scleral architecture could be identified. Misdiagnosis may lead to different surgical procedures such as vitrectomy resulting in unfavorable outcomes.
ISSN: 14712415
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2020

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