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dc.contributor.authorPrapassorn Poolchanuanen_US
dc.contributor.authorPanida Unagulen_US
dc.contributor.authorSanit Thongnesten_US
dc.contributor.authorSuthep Wiyakruttaen_US
dc.contributor.authorNattaya Ngamrojanavanichen_US
dc.contributor.authorChulabhorn Mahidolen_US
dc.contributor.authorSomsak Ruchirawaten_US
dc.contributor.authorPrasat Kittakoopen_US
dc.contributor.otherSouth Carolina Commission on Higher Educationen_US
dc.contributor.otherChulalongkorn Universityen_US
dc.contributor.otherChulabhorn Research Instituteen_US
dc.contributor.otherMahidol Universityen_US
dc.contributor.otherThailand National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnologyen_US
dc.contributor.otherThailand National Science and Technology Development Agencyen_US
dc.contributor.otherChulabhorn Royal Academyen_US
dc.identifier.citationScientific Reports. Vol.10, No.1 (2020)en_US
dc.description.abstract© 2020, The Author(s). Valproic acid or valproate (VPA) is an anticonvulsive drug used for treatments of epilepsy, bipolar disorder, and migraine headaches. VPA is also an epigenetic modulator, inhibiting histone deacetylase, and it has been subjected to clinical study for cancer treatment. During the investigation of VPA on a metabolite profile in a fungus, we found that VPA has significant effects on the production of some fatty acids. Further exploration of VPA on fatty acid profiles of microorganisms, fungi, yeast, and bacteria, as well as representative gut microbiome, revealed that VPA could enhance or reduce the production of some fatty acids. VPA was found to induce the production of trans-9-elaidic acid, a fatty acid that was previously reported to have cellular effects in human macrophages. VPA could also inhibit the production of some polyketides produced by a model fungus. The present work suggests that the induction or inhibition of fatty acid biosynthesis by VPA (100 µM) in gut microbiome could give effects to patients treated with VPA because high doses of VPA oral administration (up to 600 mg to 900 mg) are used by patients; the concentration of VPA in the human gut may reach a concentration of 100 µM, which may give effects to gut microorganisms.en_US
dc.rightsMahidol Universityen_US
dc.titleAn anticonvulsive drug, valproic acid (valproate), has effects on the biosynthesis of fatty acids and polyketides in microorganismsen_US
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2020

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