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Title: The effects of mindfulness and self-compassion-based group therapy for major depressive disorder: A randomized controlled trial
Authors: Chanikan Anuwatgasem
Tantawan Awirutworakul
Sakda Arj-Ong Vallibhakara
Porntip Kaisa-Ard
Thidarat Yamnim
Kamonwan Phadermphol
Pissamai Pranudta
Pattara Wisajun
Sudawan Jullagate
Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2020
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.103, No.9 (2020), 856-863
Abstract: © JOURNAL OF THE MEDICAL ASSOCIATION OF THAILAND 2020 Objective: To find the influences of mindfulness and self-compassion-based group therapy and compare them with standard treatment outcomes. Materials and Methods: Prospective randomized control trial was conducted on two intervention groups (n=23 for mindfulness and self-compassion group, n=11 for the control group) for seven weeks. Depression-related parameters consisted of the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) Thai version, Self-Compassion scale-Thai version (Thai-SCS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index-Thai version (Thai-PSQI), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Thai version (Thai-HADS), Thai-Perceived Stress Scale-10 (T-PSS-10), Rosenberg self-esteem Thai version, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) Thai version, were collected and compared before and after both treatments. Results: Mindfulness and self-compassion had statistically significant improvement of better depressive rating scale, anxiety, mindfulness & self-compassion, perceived stress scale, self-esteem, and quality of life (p<0.001, 0.001, 0.002, <0.001, 0.005 and <0.001, respectively). Depressive level, anxiety level, mindfulness, and self-compassion, perceived stress scale, self-esteem, and quality of life in both groups were also improved. Nonetheless, there were no significant differences when compared to the mean differences between both groups. Conclusion: Mindfulness and self-compassion intervention improved depression, anxiety, stress, self-esteem, and quality of life.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2020

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