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Title: Predicting Factors for Return to Prefracture Ambulatory Level in High Surgical Risk Elderly Patients Sustained Intertrochanteric Fracture and Treated With Proximal Femoral Nail Antirotation (PFNA) With and Without Cement Augmentation
Authors: Noratep Kulachote
Paphon Sa-ngasoongsong
Norachart Sirisreetreerux
Kulapat Chulsomlee
Sorawut Thamyongkit
Siwadol Wongsak
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2020
Citation: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation. Vol.11, (2020)
Abstract: © The Author(s) 2020. Introduction: Postoperative outcomes in the elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture were generally poor with a low rate of return to prefracture ambulatory level (RPAL). Recent studies showed that proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) with cement augmentation might be useful for postoperative functional recovery. This study aimed to compare the outcomes in elderly patients with high surgical risk, American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) grade 3 or 4, who sustained intertrochanteric fractures and were treated with PFNA with and without cement augmentation, and to correlate perioperative surgical factors with the RPAL. Methods: A retrospective consecutive series was conducted based on 135 patients with prefracture ambulation classified as independent in community with or without a single cane (68 in augmented group and 67 in control group). Perioperative data and data on the complications within 1-year postsurgery were collected and compared. Predictive factors for RPAL were analyzed via logistic regression analysis. Results: The overall 1-year postoperative mortality rate was 10% (n = 14) with no significant difference between groups (P =.273). The proportion of elderly patients with RPAL in the augmented group was significantly higher than for those in the control group (48% vs 29%, P =.043). Via univariate analysis, ASA grade 4 (P =.077), history of stroke (P =.035), and use of cement augmentation (P =.041) were correlated with RPAL. However, multivariate regression analysis showed that ASA grade 4 (odds ratio [OR] = 0.40, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.18-0.90, P =.026) and use of cement augmentation (OR = 2.72, 95% CI: 1.22-6.05, P =.014) were the significant predictors for RPAL. Discussion and Conclusions: The results of the present study showed that PFNA with cement augmentation is safe and effectiveness in the intertrochanteric fracture treatment of elderly. Postoperative functional recovery, like RPAL, in elderly patients who sustained intertrochanteric fractures is relatively low, especially in those with ASA grade 4. However, cement augmentation with PFNA might be helpful for increasing the RPAL in high-surgical-risk geriatric patients.
ISSN: 21514593
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2020

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