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Title: A Severe Lack of Evidence Limits Effective Conservation of the World's Primates
Authors: Jessica Junker
Silviu O. Petrovan
Victor Arroyo-Rodríguez
Ramesh Boonratana
Dirck Byler
Colin A. Chapman
Dilip Chetry
Susan M. Cheyne
Fanny M. Cornejo
Liliana Cortés-Ortiz
Guy Cowlishaw
Alec P. Christie
Catherine Crockford
Stella De La Torre
Fabiano R. De Melo
P. Fan
Cyril C. Grueter
Diana C. Guzmán-Caro
Eckhard W. Heymann
Ilka Herbinger
Minh D. Hoang
Robert H. Horwich
Tatyana Humle
Rachel A. Ikemeh
Inaoyom S. Imong
Leandro Jerusalinsky
Steig E. Johnson
Peter M. Kappeler
Maria Cecília M. Kierulff
Inza Koné
Rebecca Kormos
Khac Q. Le
Baoguo Li
Andrew J. Marshall
Erik Meijaard
Russel A. Mittermeier
Yasuyuki Muroyama
Eleonora Neugebauer
Lisa Orth
Erwin Palacios
Sarah K. Papworth
Andrew J. Plumptre
Ben M. Rawson
Johannes Refisch
Jonah Ratsimbazafy
Christian Roos
Joanna M. Setchell
Rebecca K. Smith
Tene Sop
Christoph Schwitzer
Kerry Slater
Shirley C. Strum
William J. Sutherland
MaurÍcio Talebi
Janette Wallis
Serge Wich
Elizabeth A. Williamson
Roman M. Wittig
Hjalmar S. Kühl
Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Business Administration
Borneo Nature Foundation
Operation Wallacea Ltd.
Bristol Zoological Society Ltd
Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservacao da Biodiversidade
Universidad San Francisco de Quito
Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques Abidjan
United Nations Environment Programme
University of Western Australia
Universität Göttingen
University of Cambridge
The University of Queensland
University of Oklahoma
University of California, San Diego
Liverpool John Moores University
Stony Brook University
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
University of Stirling
University of California, Berkeley
Durham University
Sun Yat-Sen University
Royal Holloway, University of London
Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo
Oxford Brookes University
Universidade Federal de Vicosa
Mahidol University
University of KwaZulu-Natal
Zoological Society of London
Deutsches Primatenzentrum
BirdLife International
Universität Leipzig
Instituto de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas y Sustentabilidad
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
McGill University
University of Calgary
Northwest University
Foundation for Sustainability of Ecosystem
Instituto Nacional da Mata Atlântica
Borneo Futures
Instituto Pri-Matas
German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Asociación Primatológica Colombiana
World Wide Fund for Nature
Uaso Ngiro Baboon Project
Groupe d'Etude et de Recherche sur les Primates de Madagascar
Wildlife Conservation Society-Nigeria
World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Germany
Global Wildlife Conservation
Gibbon Conservation Centre
Conservación Internacional Colombia
Community Baboon Sanctuary
Southern Institute of Ecology
Centre Suisse de Recherche Scientifique
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2020
Citation: BioScience. Vol.70, No.9 (2020), 794-803
Abstract: © 2020 The Author(s) 2020. Threats to biodiversity are well documented. However, to effectively conserve species and their habitats, we need to know which conservation interventions do (or do not) work. Evidence-based conservation evaluates interventions within a scientific framework. The Conservation Evidence project has summarized thousands of studies testing conservation interventions and compiled these as synopses for various habitats and taxa. In the present article, we analyzed the interventions assessed in the primate synopsis and compared these with other taxa. We found that despite intensive efforts to study primates and the extensive threats they face, less than 1% of primate studies evaluated conservation effectiveness. The studies often lacked quantitative data, failed to undertake postimplementation monitoring of populations or individuals, or implemented several interventions at once. Furthermore, the studies were biased toward specific taxa, geographic regions, and interventions. We describe barriers for testing primate conservation interventions and propose actions to improve the conservation evidence base to protect this endangered and globally important taxon.
ISSN: 15253244
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2020

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