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Title: Temporal Variations and Potential Source Areas of Fine Particulate Matter in Bangkok, Thailand
Authors: Suwimon Kanchanasuta
Sirapong Sooktawee
Aduldech Patpai
Pisit Vatanasomboon
Mahidol University
Center of Excellence on Environmental Health and Toxicology
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
Keywords: Environmental Science
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2020
Citation: Air, Soil and Water Research. Vol.13, (2020)
Abstract: © The Author(s) 2020. Particulate matter (PM) less than 2.5 micron (PM2.5) issue is 1 of the important targets of concern by the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. Bangkok is a megacity and facing air pollution problems. This study analyzed PM, PM2.5 and PM less than 10 micron (PM10), monitoring data from stations located in Bangkok, and aimed to present their variations in diurnal, weekly, and intra-annual timescales. High PM concentrations are related to calm wind. The diurnal variation of PM2.5/PM10 suggested a greater accumulation of PM2.5 than PMcoarse during the low wind speed. Potential source areas affecting PM rising at each monitoring station were identified using statistical technique, bivariate polar plot, and conditional bivariate probability function. Results showed that Ratchathewi District Monitoring Station identified 3 potential source areas related to emissions from transportation sources creating rising PM concentrations. The first potential source was located in the northwest direction, namely, the Rama VI Road close to the conjunction with Ratchawithi Road. The second potential source area was located around the cross-section between Phaya Thai Road and Rama I Road, while the third was located at the intersection of the Phaya Thai Road to Yothi Street and Rang Nam Road. These potential source areas constitute useful information for managing and reducing PM.
ISSN: 11786221
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2020

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