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Title: Analysis of Tembusu virus infection of human cell lines and human induced pluripotent stem cell derived hepatocytes
Authors: Kanyarat Ruangrung
Warunya Chakritbudsabong
Sasitorn Rungarunlert
Duncan R. Smith
Suradej Hongeng
Naraporn Sirinonthanawech
Chompunuch Boonarkart
Rojjanaporn Pulmanausahakul
Ornpreya Suptawiwat
Prasert Auewarakul
Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University
Mahidol University
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
Chulabhorn Royal Academy
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 15-Jan-2021
Citation: Virus Research. Vol.292, (2021)
Abstract: © 2020 Elsevier B.V. Tembusu virus (TMUV) causes disease in poultry, especially in ducks, resulting in abnormality in egg production and with high morbidity and mortality, resulting in great loss in duck farming industry in China and Southeast Asia. Previous studies on the pathogenesis of TMUV infection have been mostly conducted in poultry, with a few studies being undertaken in mice. While TMUV does not cause disease in humans, it has been reported that antibodies against TMUV have been found in serum samples from duck farmers, and thus data on TMUV infection in humans is limited, and the pathogenesis is unclear. In this study we investigated the cell tropism and potential susceptibility of humans to TMUV using several human cell lines. The results showed that human nerve and liver cell lines were both highly susceptible and permissive, while human kidney cells were susceptible and permissive, albeit to a lower degree. In addition, human muscle cells, lung epithelial cells, B-cells, T-cells and monocytic cells were largely refractory to TMUV infection. This data suggests that liver, neuron and kidney are potential target organs during TMUV infection in humans, consistent with what has been found in animal studies.
ISSN: 18727492
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2021

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