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|Title:||Fourth-generation chimeric antigen receptor T cells targeting folate receptor alpha antigen expressed on breast cancer cells for adoptive T cell therapy|
Pa thai Yenchitsomanus
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Medicine|
|Citation:||Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. (2021)|
|Abstract:||© 2021, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Purpose: Treatment of breast cancer (BC) by standard methods is effective in the early stage, but ineffective in the advanced stage of disease. To develop an adoptive T cell therapy for advanced and severe BC, we generated fourth-generation chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells targeting folate receptor alpha antigen (FRα) expressed on BC cells, and preclinically evaluated their anti-BC activities. Methods: The fourth-generation FRα-CAR T cells containing extracellular FRα-specific single-chain variable fragment (scFv) and three intracellular costimulatory domains (CD28, 4-1BB, and CD27) linked to CD3ζ were generated using a lentiviral system, and then were evaluated for their anti-BC activities in two-dimensional and three-dimensional (spheroid) cultures. Results: When our fourth-generation FRα-CAR T cells were cocultured with FRα-expressing MDA-MB-231 BC cell line at an effector to target ratio of 20:1, these CAR T cells specifically lysed 88.7 ± 10.6% of the target cells. Interestingly, the cytotoxic lysis of FRα-CAR T cells was more pronounced in target cells with higher surface FRα expression. This specific cytotoxicity of the CAR T cells was not observed when cocultured with FRα-negative MCF10A normal breast-like cell line at the same ratio (34.3 ± 4.7%). When they were cocultured with MDA-MD-231 spheroid, the FRα-CAR T cells exhibited antitumor activity marked with spheroid size reduction and breakage. Conclusion: This proof-of-concept study thus shows the feasibility of using these fourth-generation FRα-CAR T cells for adoptive T cell therapy in BC.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2021|
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