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Title: Paper device for distance-based visual quantification of sibutramine adulteration in slimming products
Authors: Pattaraporn Karamahito
Jirayu Sitanurak
Duangjai Nacapricha
Prapin Wilairat
Korbua Chaisiwamongkhol
Apichai Phonchai
Mae Fah Luang University
Mahidol University
Prince of Songkla University
Flow Innovation-Research for Science and Technology Laboratories (FIRST Labs)
Keywords: Chemistry
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2021
Citation: Microchemical Journal. Vol.162, (2021)
Abstract: © 2020 Elsevier B.V. Since 2010 many countries do not permit the use of sibutramine for obesity treatment owing to risks of heart attack or stroke. However, it is still found adulterated in some slimming products. A distance-based paper device was developed for quantitative measurement of sibutramine by visual inspection. The device is a filter paper printed with a thermometer-shaped pattern but having circular zones at both ends. A small volume of sample, loaded at one end, flows along the channel, reacting with the pre-deposited Dragendorff's reagent to form orange–red precipitate of sibutramine-tetraiodobismuthate complex. The length of the orange-red complex is directly proportional to amount of sibutramine in the sample. A ruler scale printed parallel to the channel allows the length of the orange-red precipitate to be directly observed and recorded. The measurement takes approximately five minutes. The device has a linear range of 0.22–0.90 mmol L−1 sibutramine, with coefficient of determination (r2) > 0.9868. The limit of quantification of the device (10SD intercept/slope calibration) is 0.22 mmol L−1 sibutramine, with intra-day and inter-day precisions < 4.4 %RSD. The device was applied to analysis of various slimming products. Recovery of spiked samples ranged from 86 to 106 %, (5 %RSD). The limit of quantification was 20.5 mg sibutramine per gram of sample. The results are in agreement with gas chromatographic method at 95% confidence level. This is the first paper-based analytical device for measuring adulterated sibutramine in slimming products. It is simple, low-cost, easy-to-use and instrument-free for on-site analysis. It can be used by consumers to check for adulteration in over-the-counter slimming products.
ISSN: 0026265X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2021

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