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Title: Cissus Quadrangularis enhances UCP1 mRNA, indicative of white adipocyte browning and decreases central obesity in humans in a randomized trial
Authors: Saimai Chatree
Chantacha Sitticharoon
Pailin Maikaew
Kitchaya Pongwattanapakin
Issarawan Keadkraichaiwat
Malika Churintaraphan
Chanakarn Sripong
Rungnapa Sririwichitchai
Sompol Tapechum
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Multidisciplinary
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2021
Citation: Scientific Reports. Vol.11, No.1 (2021)
Abstract: © 2021, The Author(s). Obesity is associated with the growth and expansion of adipocytes which could be decreased via several mechanisms. Cissus Quadrangularis (CQ) extract has been shown to reduce obesity in humans; however, its effect on human white adipocytes (hWA) has not been elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the effects of CQ on obesity, lipolysis, and browning of hWA. CQ treatment in obese humans significantly decreased waist circumference at week 4 and week 8 when compared with the baseline values (p < 0.05 all) and significantly decreased hip circumference at week 8 when compared with the baseline and week 4 values (p < 0.05 all). Serum leptin levels of the CQ-treated group were significantly higher at week 8 compared to baseline levels (p < 0.05). In hWA, glycerol release was reduced in the CQ-treated group when compared with the vehicle-treated group. In the browning experiment, pioglitazone, the PPAR-γ agonist, increased UCP1 mRNA when compared to vehicle (p < 0.01). Interestingly, 10, 100, and 1000 ng/ml CQ extract treatment on hWA significantly enhanced UCP1 expression in a dose-dependent manner when compared to pioglitazone treatment (p < 0.001 all). In conclusion, CQ decreased waist and hip circumferences in obese humans and enhanced UCP1 mRNA in hWA suggestive of its action via browning of hWA.
ISSN: 20452322
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2021

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